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Endangered Plants of South America

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Plants
Common Name Range ***
Abarema spp. (10)Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
Acacia spp. (2)Argentina, Bolivia
Acalypha spp. (6)Ecuador
Acanthosyris spp. (2)Bolivia, Ecuador
Acca lanuginosaPeru
Achyrocline spp. (3)Ecuador
Acidocroton spp.Colombia
Aciotis spp. (2)Ecuador
Acmella leucanthaEcuador
Acrosorium papenfussiiEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Adenostemma spp. (2)Ecuador
Aechmea spp. (10)Ecuador
Aegiphila spp. (8)Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
Aequatorium spp. (6)Ecuador, Peru
Aetheolaena spp. (10)Ecuador
Ageratina spp. (3)Ecuador
Ageratum iltisiiEcuador
Aiouea spp. (3)Brazil, Colombia
Aiphanes spp. (6)Colombia, Ecuador
Albizia spp. (3)Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela
Alchornea spp. (2)Ecuador
Algarrobillo EspinosoArgentina
Allomarkgrafia ecuatorianaEcuador
Alloneuron spp. (2)Ecuador
Allophylus spp.Ecuador
Alloplectus spp. (2)Ecuador
Aloysia dodsoniorumEcuador
Alseis lugonisEcuador
Alsophila esmeraldensisEcuador
Alternanthera spp. (8)Ecuador
Amanoa spp.Ecuador
Amarillo GuayaquilColombia, Panama
Amburana spp. (2)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru
American MahoganyCentral and South America, Florida
Ampelocera longissimaEcuador
Amphitecna spp.Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama
Amsinckia marginataEcuador
Andean Wax Palm (5)Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Andropogon spp. (3)Ecuador
Anemone jamesoniiEcuador
Angostura alipesEcuador
Aniba spp. (11)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Annona spp. (10)Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Antarctic CudweedFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
Anthodiscus spp. (2)Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama
Aphanactis spp. (2)Ecuador
Aphanes cotopaxiensisEcuador
Aphelandra spp. (15)Ecuador
Arachniodes squamulosaEcuador
Arachnothryx spp. (2)Ecuador
Arapatiella psilophyllaBrazil
Arara Nut TreeBrazil
Araucaria spp. (2)Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay
Aristeguietia spp. (3)Ecuador
Aristida guayllabambensisEcuador
Arrojadoa spp. (2)Brazil
Arthrocereus spp. (3)Brazil
Aspidosperma spp. (2)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Panama, Paraguay, Peru
Asplenium spp. (2)Ecuador
Asplundia spp. (13)Ecuador
Aster quitensisEcuador
Asterogyne spp. (2)Venezuela
Asterophorum mennegaeSuriname
Astragalus bidentatusEcuador
Astragalus spruceiEcuador
Astrocaryum spp. (2)Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana
Athyana weinmannifoliaArgentina, Bolivia
Aulonemia longiaristataEcuador
Austrofolium equatorianumEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Axinaea spp. (5)Ecuador
Ayapana ecuadorensisEcuador
Ayapanopsis luteyniiEcuador
Bactris spp. (4)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Panama, Peru
Badilloa atrescensEcuador
Banara spp. (4)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
Barnadesia spp. (2)Ecuador
Bartlettina campiiEcuador
Bartsia spp. (2)Ecuador
Baru TreeBrazil
Bauhinia spp. (7)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Bedstraw (3)Ecuador
Begonia spp. (32)Ecuador
Berberis spp. (3)Ecuador, Peru
Besleria spp. (2)Ecuador
Bicuiba oleiferaBrazil
Bidens simplicifoliaEcuador
Big Leaf MahoganyCentral America, North America, South America
Biophytum heinrichsaeEcuador
BitterwoodCuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Venezuela
Blakea spp. (16)Colombia, Ecuador
Blechnum spp. (3)Ecuador
Bolbitis ripariaEcuador
Bolivian Mountain CoconutBolivia
Bomarea spp. (14)Ecuador
Bombacopsis quinataColombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela
Bonnetia spp. (12)Colombia, Guyana, Venezuela
Bothriochloa campiiEcuador
Brachyotum spp. (16)Ecuador
Brasilicereus markgrafiiBrazil
Brazil-nut TreeBolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Brazilian Rain TreeBrazil
Brosimum glazioviiBrazil
Brownea santanderensisColombia
Browneopsis spp. (3)Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru
Brugmansia spp. (3)Ecuador
Brunellia spp. (17)Colombia, Ecuador, Panama
Buchenavia spp. (4)Brazil
Bucquetia nigritellaEcuador
Buddleja spp. (4)Ecuador
Bulnesia carrapoColombia
Bunchosia spp.Ecuador
Burmeistera spp. (18)Ecuador
Bursera spp.Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Bushmint (4)Ecuador
Button CactusBrazil
Byttneria spp. (7)Ecuador
Cacosmia spp. (2)Ecuador
Caesalpinia spp. (2)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
Calamagrostis spp. (8)Ecuador
Calathea spp. (21)Ecuador
Calatola columbianaColombia
Calea spp. (3)Ecuador
Calliandra spp. (3)Ecuador, Peru
Calycorectes spp. (5)Brazil, Peru
Campomanesia spp. (7)Brazil
Campyloneurum oellgaardiiEcuador
Candle TreeColombia
Caper Shrub (2)Ecuador, Peru
Caraipa utilisPeru
Carapa megistocarpaEcuador
Cardamine lojanensisEcuador
Carex spp. (4)Ecuador
Carica spp. (5)Ecuador
Carlowrightia ecuadorianaEcuador
Caryodaphnopsis cogolloiColombia
Casearia spp. (2)Colombia, Ecuador
Castilleja ecuadorensisEcuador
Cecropia spp. (6)Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru
Cedrela lilloiSouth America
Cedro MisioneroCentral America, South America
Ceiba roseaColombia, Costa Rica, Panama
Centaurodendron spp. (2)Chile
Centronia spp. (4)Colombia, Peru
Centropogon spp. (42)Ecuador
Ceradenia spp. (2)Ecuador
Cereus mirabellaBrazil
Cestrum spp. (3)Ecuador
Chigua spp. (2)Colombia
Chilean CedarArgentina, Chile
Chilean Plum YewArgentina, Chile
Chilean Wine PalmChile
Chimborazoa lachnocarpaEcuador
Chloroleucon eurycyclumVenezuela
Chloroleucon extortumBrazil
Chlorospatha spp. (4)Ecuador
Christmas CactusBrazil
Chrysophyllum spp. (11)Brazil, Colombia, Peru
Chuquiraga arcuataEcuador
Chusquea spp. (4)Ecuador
Cigar-box WoodCentral America, North America, South America
Cinchona spp. (4)Ecuador
Cinnamomum spp.Peru
Cipocereus spp. (4)Brazil
Citharexylum spp. (8)Ecuador, Peru
Clavija spp. (5)Ecuador, Peru
Clethra spp. (2)Ecuador
Clibadium spp. (10)Ecuador
Clidemia spp. (10)Ecuador
Clinopodium mutabileEcuador
Clitoria spp. (4)Ecuador, Peru
Clusia spp. (8)Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru
Cnidoscolus spp. (2)Ecuador
Cobaea spp. (2)Ecuador
Coccoloba spp.Argentina, Bolivia
Coleocephalocereus purpureusBrazil
Colignonia pentopteraEcuador
Colombian WalnutColombia, Ecuador, Peru
Commoner Lignum VitaeCentral and South America, Puerto Rico, Thailand, Virgin Islands (British and US)
Condaminea spp. (3)Peru
Cone-Like Turk's Head CactusBrazil
Connarus spp.Ecuador
Conostegia spp.Colombia
Conta PalmChile
Copaifera spp.Suriname
Coprosma spp. (2)Chile
Coralberry (6)Ecuador, Peru
Cordia spp. (5)Central America, South America
Corythophora labriculataSuriname
Corytoplectus cutucuensisEcuador
Costus spp. (2)Ecuador
Cotopaxia asplundiiEcuador
Couepia spp. (3)Brazil, Ecuador
Couratari spp. (10)Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Coursetia spp. (4)Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador
Coussapoa spp. (4)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
Coussarea spp. (5)Ecuador
Coyote Bush (7)Ecuador
Cratylia bahiensisBrazil
Cremastosperma spp. (3)Peru
Cremosperma spp. (3)Ecuador
Critonia eggersiiEcuador
Critoniopsis spp. (9)Ecuador
Cronquistianthus spp. (5)Ecuador
Crossothamnus gentryiEcuador
Crownbeard (11)Brazil, Ecuador
Ctenitis pallatanganaEcuador
Cuatrecasanthus flexipappusEcuador
Cuatresia harlingianaEcuador
Cucurbita ecuadorensisEcuador
Cuminia spp. (2)Chile
Cupania riopalenquensisEcuador
Cuscuta prismaticaEcuador
Cyathea spp. (7)Ecuador
Cybianthus cogolloiColombia
Cynanchum spp. (19)Ecuador
Cyperus spp.Ecuador
Dacryodes spp.Colombia
Dalea spp. (3)Ecuador
Daniellia oblongaEcuador
Danthonia holm-nielseniiEcuador
Daphnopsis spp. (5)Ecuador, Peru
Darwiniothamnus alternifoliusEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Dasphyllum spp. (2)Ecuador
Dendropanax spp. (2)Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru
Dendrophorbium spp. (12)Ecuador
Dendrophthora spp. (10)Ecuador
Dendroseris spp. (11)Chile
Dennstaedtia spp. (3)Ecuador
Deprea ecuatorianaEcuador
Diastema spp. (2)Ecuador
Dichapetalum spp.Ecuador
Dicliptera spp. (2)Ecuador
Dicranopygium spp. (3)Ecuador
Dictyota galapagensisEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Dicypellium caryophyllaceumBrazil
Dioscorea spp. (4)Ecuador
Diospyros spp. (2)Ecuador
Diplokeleba herzogiBolivia
Diplostephium spp. (8)Ecuador
Dipteryx charapillaPeru
Disciphania spp. (2)Ecuador
Discocactus spp. (5)Brazil
Distichia acicularisEcuador
Ditassa anderssoniiEcuador
Ditaxis macranthaEcuador
Draba spp. (10)Ecuador
Dracontium croatiiEcuador
Drepanolejeunea spp.Brazil
Drimys confertifoliaChile
Drymaria spp. (2)Ecuador
Drymonia spp. (8)Ecuador
Duguetia spp. (2)Ecuador, Suriname
Dulacia crassaGuyana
Dussia foxiiPeru
Dwarf Gentian (17)Ecuador
Ecclinusa spp. (3)Brazil, Venezuela
Echinodorus eglandulosusEcuador
Echinolaena ecuadorianaEcuador
Ecuadendron acosta-solisianumEcuador
Egletes humifusaEcuador
Elaeagia spp. (2)Colombia, Ecuador
Elaphandra spp. (3)Ecuador
Enche-CangalhaBrazil
Erato sodiroiEcuador
Ericentrodea homogamaEcuador
Erigeron spp. (3)Ecuador, Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
Eriotheca peruvianaPeru
Erythrina spp. (3)Ecuador
Erythrochiton giganteusEcuador
Erythroxylum spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Eschweilera spp. (21)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Esenbeckia spp. (2)Brazil, Colombia
Espostoopsis dybowskiiBrazil
Eucharis astrophialaEcuador
Eucrosia spp. (3)Ecuador
Eudema nubigenaEcuador
Eugenia spp. (12)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Euphorbia spp. (4)Ecuador, Peru
Euplassa spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Euterpe luminosaPeru
Facheiroa cephaliomelanaBrazil
Fagara spp. (2)Chile
False TungoiltreeColombia
False-plantainFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
Faramea spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Festuca spp. (5)Ecuador
Few-Spined Turks-Cap CactusBrazil
Fig Tree (13)Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Guyana
Filmy Fern (7)Ecuador
Fir Clubmoss (11)Ecuador
Fissidens hydropogonEcuador
Flamingo Flower (53)Ecuador
Fleischmannia spp. (3)Ecuador
Floscaldasia azorelloidesEcuador
Flueggea spp.Ecuador
Flying Goldfish (16)Ecuador
FranciscoEcuador
Freziera spp. (32)Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Fringe Tree (6)Brazil, Peru, Venezuela
Froelichia spp. (2)Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Fuchsia spp. (8)Ecuador
Galapagos KelpEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Galapagos StringweedEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Galaxaura barbataEcuador
Galvezia lanceolataEcuador
Gasteranthus spp. (16)Ecuador
Gaultheria nubigenaArgentina, Chile
Geissanthus spp. (6)Ecuador
Geonoma irenaEcuador
Geranium spp. (8)Ecuador
Gnaphalium spp. (5)Ecuador
Gomidesia mugnifoliaBrazil
Gonolobus spp. (2)Ecuador
Gonzalagunia spp. (4)Ecuador
Gracilaria skottsbergiiEcuador
Graffenrieda spp. (4)Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru
Grammitis basalisEcuador
Gray MatplantEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Greigia spp. (2)Ecuador
Grias spp. (4)Colombia, Ecuador
Grosvenoria spp. (3)Ecuador
Guarea spp. (15)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Guatambu BlancoArgentina, Brazil, Paraguay
Guatteria spp. (15)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Guatteriopsis ramifloraPeru
Guettarda spp.Peru
Guevaria spp. (2)Ecuador
Gunnera aequatoriensisEcuador
Gustavia spp. (16)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela
Guzmania spp. (37)Ecuador
Gynoxys spp. (18)Ecuador, Peru
Haesselia roraimensisGuyana
Halenia spp. (3)Ecuador
Hampea spp.Colombia
Haplopappus albicansEcuador
Hebeclinium obtusisquamosumEcuador
Hecistopteris pinnatifidaEcuador
Hedyosmum spp.Ecuador
Heisteria spp. (2)Ecuador
Heliconia spp. (16)Ecuador
Helicostylis heterotrichaBrazil
Heliotropium spp. (2)Ecuador
Henriettella spp. (3)Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana
Hernandia spp.Ecuador
Herrania spp. (3)Colombia, Ecuador
Hibiscus spp.Ecuador
Hieracium spp. (3)Ecuador
Hieronima spp.Colombia, Ecuador
Hiraea perplexaEcuador
Hirtella spp. (2)Colombia, Ecuador
Hoffmannia ecuatorianaEcuador
Holly (20)Brazil, Peru, Venezuela
Holywood Lignum VitaeCentral and South America, Florida, Mexico, Puerto Rico
Huberodendron patinoiColombia, Ecuador
Huilaea spp. (7)Colombia, Ecuador
Humiriastrum melanocarpumColombia
Hydrocotyle spp. (3)Ecuador
Hyospathe macrorhachisEcuador
Ichthyothere pastazensisEcuador
Idiopappus saloyensisEcuador
Inga spp. (63)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Iochroma spp. (2)Ecuador
Ipomaea chrysocalyxEcuador
Ipomoea pulcherrimaPeru
Irenella chrysotrichaEcuador
Iresine pedicellataEcuador
Iryanthera spp. (2)Brazil
Isoglossa nervosaEcuador
Jacaranda spp.Argentina, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Panama
Jacqueshuberia loretensisPeru
Jalcophila ecuadorensisEcuador
Jasminocereus thouarsiiEcuador
Jatropha spp.Ecuador
Jequitiba Tree (8)Brazil
Joosia spp. (6)Ecuador
Joseanthus spp. (3)Ecuador
Juglans peruvianaPeru
Jungia spp. (5)Ecuador
Kageneckia lanceolataBolivia, Peru
Kaunia pachanoiEcuador
Kielmeyera peruvianaPeru
Kingianthus spp. (2)Ecuador
Klarobelia spp. (2)Ecuador
Kotchubaea montanaPeru
Lachemilla spp. (5)Ecuador
Ladenbergia spp. (7)Ecuador, Peru
Lafoensia replicataBrazil
Lantana pastazensisEcuador
Larnax spp. (3)Ecuador
Laurencia oppositocladiaEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Lava CactusEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Leafflower (3)Ecuador
Leandra pastazanaEcuador
Lecocarpus lecocarpoidesEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Lecointea ovalifoliaPeru
Lecythis spp. (6)Brazil, Guyana
Lemna ecuadoriensisEcuador
Lepechinia spp. (3)Ecuador
Lepidaploa violicepsEcuador
Lepidium spp. (2)Ecuador
Lepidopilum grevilleanumEcuador
Lepidothamnus fonkiiArgentina
Leptolejeunea tridentataColombia
Leucochloron foederaleBrazil
Liabum barclayaeEcuador
Licania spp. (8)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Lidflower (2)Peru
Linum cratericolaEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Lippia salicifoliaEcuador
Lithophila subscaposaEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Llerasia spp. (2)Ecuador
Lobelia spp. (2)Ecuador
LogwoodColombia
Loricaria spp. (4)Ecuador
Loxopterygium grisebachiiArgentina, Bolivia
Ludwigia anastomosansBrazil
Lupinus macbrideanusPeru
Lupinus nubigenusEcuador
Luteolejeunea herzogiiColombia, Panama, Peru
Lycianthes spp. (2)Ecuador
Lycoseris eggersiiEcuador
Lysipomia spp. (15)Ecuador
Machaerium spp. (2)Brazil, Peru
Macleania loesenerianaEcuador
Macrocarpaea spp.Ecuador
Macrocnemum spp. (2)Peru
Macrolobium spp. (4)Colombia, Panama, Peru, Suriname
Macrosamanea spp. (2)Brazil
Magnolia (24)Bolivia, Colombia, Panama
Maiden Fern (14)Ecuador
Malmea cuspidataPeru
Malouetia isthmicaColombia, Panama
Mandevilla spp. (3)Ecuador
Manettia spp. (7)Ecuador
Manilkara Tree (11)Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
Marcgravia grandifoliaEcuador
Marcgraviastrum spp. (2)Ecuador
Marila spp. (2)Peru, Suriname
Markea spp. (3)Ecuador
Mascagnia haenkeanaEcuador
Matisia spp. (5)Ecuador, Peru
Mauria spp. (3)Ecuador, Peru
Mayna spp. (2)Colombia
Maytenus spp. (3)Ecuador
Meliosma spp. (3)Ecuador, Peru
Melocactus pachyacanthusBrazil
Melpomene brevipesEcuador
Meriania spp. (18)Colombia, Ecuador
Metalepis spp. (2)Ecuador
Metastelma spp.Ecuador
Metteniusa spp. (4)Colombia
Mezia tomentosaEcuador
Mezilaurus spp. (2)Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname
Mezobromelia spp. (2)Ecuador
Miconia spp. (99)Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Micranthocereus spp. (5)Brazil
Micropholis spp. (11)Brazil, Peru, Venezuela
Micropolypodium aphelolepisEcuador
Mikania spp. (10)Ecuador
Milkvine (10)Ecuador
Milkwood (2)Brazil
MilkwortEcuador
Mimosa spp. (6)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Mistletoe Cactus (5)Brazil
Mollia glabrescensGuyana
Mollinedia spp. (7)Brazil
Monactis spp. (5)Ecuador
Monnina spp. (7)Ecuador
Monopyle spp. (4)Ecuador
Monotagma rudaniiEcuador
Monticalia spp. (5)Ecuador
Moore's PlantainFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
Mosannona spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Mouriri spp. (3)Colombia, Ecuador, Panama
Muhlenbergia palmirensisEcuador
Munnozia spp. (5)Ecuador
Mutisia spp. (8)Ecuador
Myrceugenia spp. (10)Brazil, Chile
Myrcia spp. (7)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Myrcianthes spp. (4)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Myrciaria spp. (3)Brazil, Paraguay
Myriocolea irrorataEcuador
Myriocoleopsis fluviatilisBrazil
Myriogramme kyliniiEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Myrsine spp. (6)Ecuador, Peru
Nasa spp. (16)Ecuador
Naucleopsis spp. (2)Brazil, Ecuador
Nautilocalyx spp. (3)Ecuador
Nectandra spp. (33)Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Neomitranthes spp. (2)Brazil
Neosprucea sararensisColombia
Neriacanthus harlingiiEcuador
Neurolepis spp. (6)Ecuador
Nierembergia espinosaeEcuador
Niphogeton spruceiEcuador
Nototriche ecuadoriensisEcuador
Oblivia ceroniiEcuador
Ocotea spp. (12)South America
Odontocarya perforataEcuador
Odontonema laxumEcuador
Oenocarpus circumtextusColombia
Oligactis spp. (3)Ecuador
Ophryosporus densiflorusEcuador
Oreopanax spp. (15)Ecuador, Peru
Oritrophium spp. (3)Ecuador
Orphanodendron bernaliiColombia
Orthotrichum spp.South America
Ossaea spp. (4)Ecuador
Otholobium holosericeumEcuador
Ouratea spp.Colombia
Palicourea spp. (25)Ecuador, Peru
Palo BarrosoArgentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Palo PapelArgentina, Bolivia
Pamianthe parvifloraEcuador
Pamphilia vilcabambaePeru
Panicum spp.Ecuador
Pappobolus spp. (7)Ecuador, Peru
Paradrymonia spp. (5)Ecuador
Paragynoxys regisEcuador
Paramachaerium schunkeiPeru
Parathesis spp. (2)Ecuador
Parodiodendron marginivillosumArgentina, Bolivia
Paspalum spp. (3)Ecuador
Passion Flower (22)Ecuador
Patagonian CypressArgentina, Chile
Paullinia navicularisEcuador
Pearcea spp. (8)Ecuador
Pecluma pastazensisEcuador
Pentacalia spp. (22)Ecuador
Pentagonia spp. (3)Ecuador
Pentaplaris huaoranicaEcuador
Pepinia spp. (6)Ecuador
Pepper Vine (56)Ecuador
Perebea glabrifoliaBrazil
Pereskia aureifloraBrazil
Peritassa killipiiPeru
Persea spp. (7)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Suriname
Phaedranassa spp. (6)Ecuador
Phalacraea ecuadorensisEcuador
Pharus ecuadoricusEcuador
Phaseolus spp. (2)Ecuador
Philodendron spp. (10)Ecuador
Phinaea ecuadoranaEcuador
Phoradendron spp. (5)Ecuador
Phragmotheca rubrifloraColombia
Phycodrina elegansEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Phyllostemonodaphne geminifloraBrazil
Phyllostylon orthopterumBolivia
Phytelephas spp. (2)Colombia, Ecuador
Picramnia bullataPeru
Pilea spp. (9)Ecuador
Pilgerodendron uviferumArgentina, Chile
Pilosocereus spp. (8)Brazil
Piptadenia weberbaueriPeru
Pitavia punctataChile
Pitcairnia spp. (22)Ecuador
Pithecellobium spp. (2)Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Plagiocheilus peduncularisEcuador
Plagiochila wolframiiPeru
Plathymenia foliolosaBrazil
Platymiscium spp.Peru
Pleuropetalum darwiniiEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Pleurothyrium spp. (2)Ecuador
Pocketbook Flower (25)Ecuador
Podandrogyne spp. (3)Ecuador
Podocarpus spp. (5)South America
Poecilanthe ovalifoliaSuriname
Polybotrya andinaEcuador
Polylepis spp. (14)Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru
Polypodium spp. (3)Ecuador
Polystichum bonapartiiEcuador
Polystichum bulbiferumEcuador
Pourouma spp. (2)Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru
Pouteria Tree (56)Central America, South America
Pradosia spp. (7)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
Prestonia spp. (4)Ecuador
Prickly Pear (6)Ecuador
Protium spp.Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama
Prunus spp. (3)South America
Pseuderanthemum spp.Ecuador
Pseudoacanthocereus brasiliensisBrazil
Pseudogynoxys spp. (2)Ecuador
Pseudolaingia hancockiiEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Pseudolmedia spp. (2)Brazil, Ecuador
Pseudoxandra williamsiiPeru
Psidium spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Psilanthele eggersiiEcuador
Psittacanthus barlowiiEcuador
Psychotria spp. (7)Ecuador, Peru
Pteromonnina fosbergiiEcuador
Ptilochaeta nudipesArgentina, Bolivia
Purple Yatay PalmBrazil
Puya spp. (10)Ecuador
QeuleChile
Qualea spp. (2)Peru
Quararibea spp. (3)Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
QuillwortEcuador
Racinaea spp. (9)Ecuador
Radiator Plant (45)Ecuador
Randia carlosianaEcuador
Reldia spp. (2)Ecuador
Renealmia spp. (3)Ecuador
Retrophyllum rospigliosiiColombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Rhaphithamnus venustusChile
Ribes spp. (2)Ecuador
Rinorea spp. (15)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Venezuela
Rock-cressFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
Rollinia spp. (13)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Romeroa verticillataColombia
Rondeletia spp.Peru
Ronnbergia campanulataEcuador
Rosewood (2)Brazil, Peru
Roupala spp. (4)Ecuador, Peru
Ruagea spp. (3)Bolivia, Ecuador
Rubus spp. (2)Ecuador
Rudgea spp. (4)Brazil, Peru
Rumex andinusEcuador
Rushfoil (11)Ecuador
Rustia spp. (3)Ecuador
Sabicea spp.Ecuador
Saccoloma spp. (2)Ecuador
Sage (10)Ecuador
Sanchezia lampraEcuador
SandwortEcuador
Sapium spp.Argentina, Bolivia
Sarcaulus spp. (4)Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Saurauia spp. (11)Ecuador
Sauvagesia brevipetalaEcuador
Scalesia spp. (14)Ecuador
Schinopsis haenkeanaArgentina, Bolivia
Schinus venturiArgentina, Bolivia
Schizymenia ecuadoreanaEcuador
Schlumbergera opuntioidesBrazil
Schmardaea microphyllaColombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Schradera campiiEcuador
Sciadocephala asplundiiEcuador
Sclerolobium spp. (3)Brazil
Scutellaria spp. (2)Ecuador
Sebastiania spp.Peru
Securidaca leiocarpaEcuador
Selaginella spp. (2)Ecuador
Senecio spp.Argentina
Senna spp. (2)Ecuador
Serjania brevipesEcuador
Sessea sodiroiEcuador
Shorea spp.Ecuador
Silvery ButtercupFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
Simira spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Siparuna spp. (8)Ecuador
Siphocampylus spp. (11)Ecuador
Siphoneugenia spp. (3)Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil
Skottsbergia paradoxaArgentina
Sloanea spp. (2)Suriname
Solanopteris tuberosumEcuador
Solanum spp. (21)Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador
Sophora spp. (3)Chile
Sorocea spp. (2)Brazil, Ecuador
Souari Tree (3)Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
Southern Beech (2)Chile
Spanish Moss (25)Ecuador
Spatoglossum schmittiiEcuador
Sphaeradenia spp. (3)Ecuador
Sphaerolejeunea umbilicataColombia
Spruceanthus theobromaeEcuador
St. John's-wort (6)Ecuador
Stachys spp. (2)Ecuador
Stachytarpheta spp. (2)Ecuador
Stenandrium harlingiiEcuador
Stenopadus andicolaEcuador
Stenospermation spp. (3)Ecuador
Stenostephanus spp. (5)Ecuador
Stephanopodium spp. (2)Brazil, Ecuador
Steriphoma urbaniEcuador
Stevia spp. (3)Ecuador
Stigmaphyllon spp. (3)Ecuador
Stilpnophyllum grandifoliumEcuador
Stipa tulcanensisEcuador
String SargassumEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Stromanthe ramosissimaEcuador
Struthanthus lojaeEcuador
Styloceras kunthianumEcuador
Styrax spp. (7)Peru, Suriname
Sunkha PalmBolivia
Swartzia spp. (7)Colombia, Ecuador, Suriname
Syagrus spp. (3)Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
Symplocos spp. (17)Ecuador, Peru
Syngonanthus yacuambensisEcuador
Syngonium spp. (3)Ecuador
Tabebuia spp. (2)Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Panama
Tacinga spp. (2)Brazil
Talamancalia spp. (2)Ecuador
Talauma spp. (2)Ecuador
Talisia spp. (2)Ecuador
Tapirira spp. (2)Ecuador, French Guiana
Tapura spp.Ecuador
Tephrocactus bonnieaeArgentina
Terminalia spp. (4)South America
Ternstroemia spp.Ecuador
Tessmannianthus spp.Colombia
Tetrameranthus globuliferusEcuador
Thalia pavoniiEcuador
Thismia melanomitraEcuador
Thyrsodium herrerensePeru
Tibouchina spp. (4)Ecuador
Tocoyena pittieriColombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama
Tonguefern (32)Ecuador
Topobea spp. (9)Ecuador, Peru
Tournefortia spp. (3)Ecuador
Tovomita spp. (4)Ecuador, Peru
Trianaea naekaEcuador
Trichilia spp. (21)Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
Trichomanes paucisorumEcuador
Trigonobalanus excelsaColombia
Trigynaea triplinervisEcuador
Triolena spp. (3)Ecuador
Tropaeolum spp. (8)Ecuador
Tropical AcidweedEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Turk's Cap CactusBrazil
Turnera hindsianaEcuador
Twinsorus Fern (14)Ecuador
Uebelmannia spp. (2)Brazil
Umbrella Tree (3)South America
Uncinia spp. (4)Ecuador
Uniola condensataEcuador
Unonopsis magnifoliaEcuador
Urbanodendron spp. (3)Brazil
Valeriana spp. (5)Ecuador
Vallea ecuadorensisEcuador
Vantanea spp. (3)Colombia, Peru
Verbena demissaEcuador
Vernonia spp.Ecuador
Viburnum spp. (2)Ecuador, Peru
Viguiera spp. (2)Ecuador
VioletEcuador
Virola spp. (2)Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Vouacapoua americanaBrazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname
Vriesea spp. (12)Ecuador
Water-willow (2)Ecuador
Wedelia oxylepisEcuador
Weinmannia spp. (7)Ecuador, Peru
Werauhia spp. (3)Ecuador
Wercklea spp.Ecuador
Werneria graminifoliaEcuador
Wettinia spp. (4)Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Wissadula spp. (2)Ecuador
Wonderfully Bristled Turk's-Head CactusBrazil
Wood-sorrel (5)Argentina, Ecuador
Woolly Waxy-Stemmed Turks-Cap CactusBrazil
Wooly Jelly PalmBrazil
Xanthosoma spp. (2)Ecuador
Xenophyllum spp. (3)Ecuador
Xyris andinaEcuador
Zamia spp. (20)Central America, South America
Zanthoxylum spp. (2)Central America, North America, Oceanic, South America
Zapoteca aculeataEcuador
Zeyheria tuberculosaBrazil
Zinowiewia madseniiEcuador
Zygia spp. (3)Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Zygophlebia eminensEcuador
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***What plants are listed here?:

The South America section of this site lists the folllowing plants appearing on select endangered species lists:
  • Plants that dwell in or migrate to any part of the South American continent and nearby islands.
  • Plants dwelling in the Amazon Basin.
 In some cases, the creatures listed in this section may also be found on other continents or in other areas, which is why you may see additional areas noted in the range column.

Disclaimer: This list combines species from several endangered species lists. Using the total count of species found on this site as an official count of endangered species of the world is not recommended. For more information on what creatures are listed on this site, please visit our About Us page.



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