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California Condor
California Condor
D. Clendenen
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California Condor

Scientific Name:
Gymnogyps californianus

Group: Birds

Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: March 11, 1967

CR-IUCN: 2010

Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:

The California condor is a vulture species that was once found along the entire Pacific coast of North America, but is now only found in central southern California. It is said to be the largest of North Americas flying land birds. An adult condor can grow up to 4.5 feet in length with a wingspan of over nine feet, and they can weigh up to 18 lb. Females are usually smaller than males. Adult plumage is black with the exception of white patches that appear on the underside of the wings, and the head and neck are bare and brightly colored. There is also a black feather ruff around the neck. Their tails are broad and the legs are short and adorned with long and coarse claws.

California condors rely on habitats with rocky cliffs and rubble so that they are able to find permanent nesting and roosting sites. They also rely entirely on carrion for survival and feed on the corpses of cattle, sheep, deer, and horses. This species may be thought of as dirty, but they are very tidy. After eating, they clean their heads and necks by rubbing them on grass, rocks, or branches. They also bathe frequently and spend hours smoothing and drying their feathers. They even have a very hardy and effective immune system, so they dont get sick from any of the bacteria they may come in contact with when feeding on decaying animals. California condors prefer to remain in pairs (male and female) and mate for life. They only breed every other year and usually give birth to two eggs in the months of February and March. Both parents help to incubate the eggs, and the eggs hatch after 54 to 58 days.

In 1982, the California condor population was only said to be less than 25. With the aid of captive breeding programs, the numbers have increased to 200. Threats to the species include loss of habitat, shootings, pesticide residue, lead poisoning, and collisions with power lines.

More Links about the California Condor:

Reference Links:
California Condor -

Conservation Links:
Defenders of Wildlife

California Condor Facts Last Updated: January 1, 2006

To Cite This Page:
Glenn, C. R. 2006. "Earth's Endangered Creatures - California Condor Facts" (Online).
Accessed 3/25/2017 at


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