The Mexican blindcat is a catfish species found in Northern Coahuila, Mexico. This fish lacks skin pigmentation, resulting in a pinkish-white coloration. Blindcats have no need for eyes since they dwell in cave-like/groundwater environments. Adults only reach up to 0.5 inches in length. Although this fish has no eyes, it is able to move around by feeling around its environment with its barbells and possibly by sensing electrical fields.
This fish occurs in dark, underground, freshwater pools and wells in tropical areas of its range. The groundwater habitat of this species is not usually thought of as a fish habitat, since most groundwater is trapped in tiny pores in rocks or spaces between gravels. These unusual aquatic habitats are called "hypogeous," which means "underground habitat." When ready to reproduce, males dig shallow nests where the females lay the eggs. The eggs are then fertilized (while in the nest). Both parents guard the nest until they hatch.
Although this species is found in several locations, it is listed as endangered and protected by the Mexican government since its range is restricted and there are threats such as pollution and human disturbance. Some populations have been severely affected by habitat damage caused by pollution by nutrients and pesticides, and overcollecting.
To Cite This Page:
Glenn, C. R. 2006. "Earth's Endangered Creatures - Mexican Blindcat Facts" (Online).
Accessed 9/17/2019 at http://earthsendangered.com/profile.asp?sp=35&ID=9.
Need more Mexican Blindcat facts?
Twelve Incredibly Odd Endangered Creatures
1. Solenodon The solenodon is a mammal found primarily in Cuba and Hispanola. The species was thought to be extinct until scientists found a few still alive in 2003. Solenodons only prefer to come out at night. They eat primarily insects and they are one of the few mammal species that are venomous, delivering a very powerful toxin. Symptoms of a solenodon bite are very similar to a snake bite, including swelling and severe pain, lasting several days.