Western Giant Eland 
Western Giant Eland
Western Giant Eland
Photo used with permission of:
Marketa Antoninova,
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
More images:
Scientific Name:
Taurotragus derbianus derbianus
Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: June 25, 1979
Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
Senegal to Ivory Coast

The Western giant eland is a subspecies of the Lord Derby eland and can only be found in the Niokolo-Koba National Park in Senegal. It is one of the largest antelopes in Africa reaching up to six feet high at the shoulder and weighing up to 1500 lb. Its coat color varies from deep chestnut to pale buff or fawn, with eight to 15 vertical white stripes on the sides and a black stripe down the back. Both male and female have curved, spiraling horns, but the horns of males are longer, reaching up to 47.2 inches (over 3 feet).

Giant elands prefer open forest and savannah habitat. They rest during the day to escape the heat, and feed at night or early in the morning on grass, leaves, and branches. Adult males prefer to live alone while females and their young form groups of 20 or more. Giant eland herds are known to migrate extensively. During dry seasons they are able to live for weeks without water. Mating usually occurs during the wet season. Males compete using their horns for dominance, and the dominant male will mate with several females. Females give birth to only one calf after a gestation period of eight to nine months.

It is estimated that only 170 Western giant elands remain in the wild today. Populations have declined due to excessive hunting, habitat destruction for agricultural expansion, and disease. The last surviving population is said to be protected in the Niokolo-Koba National Park.

Wikipedia Article

This article is only an excerpt. If it appears incomplete or if you wish to see article references, visit the rest of its contents here.
Wikipedia Article
Copyright Notice: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Giant eland".
More Links about the Western Giant Eland:

Conservation Links:
Czech University of Life Sciences

Featured Article

Ten Creatures that may become extinct in the next 10 years
1. Leatherback Sea Turtle
Leatherback sea turtles have been around since pre-historic times. And unfortunately, if the species is allowed to vanish, scientists believe it will foreshadow the extinction of a host of other marine species. It is estimated that there are less than 5,000 nesting female leatherback sea turtles in the Pacific Ocean today, down from 91,000 in 1980.


Endangered Species of Our Planet

We're on Instagram

Donate, Adopt, Get Involved

EEC Conservation Directory

Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted?

Enter your e-mail address below:

HTML   Text-only

Fun & Games

Are you inspired by endangered animals? Check out our games and coloring pages! More to come soon.
color endangered creatures
play hangman