Asian Elephant   ELEPHANT
Asian Elephant
Asian Elephant
Scientific Name:
Elephas maximus
Other Names and/or Listed subspecies:
Indian Elephant
Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: June 14, 1976
EN-IUCN: 2008
Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
South-Central and Southeastern Asia

The Asian elephant is also known as the Indian elephant and its body and ears are smaller than the African elephant. Females weigh around 5000 lb and males weigh over 11,000 lb. Asians elephants have flat foreheads and have curved backs. Only some of the males have tusks, females never having them. When one set wears and falls out, another set moves forward for use and when the last set wears out, the elephant dies because it can no longer chew its food.

Asian elephants eat mostly plants. They also eat grass, twigs, bark and leaves. They can consume up to 330 lb of food a day. Because of its huge size and the amount of food it consumes, the Asian elephant needs large forest area for its habitat and a permanent water supply is needed for survival. Up to 18 hours a day are spent by the elephants foraging for food. Adult males live alone or sometimes together in small groups and never really have contact with females unless for mating and feeding. Females produce single calves after an 18 to 22 month gestation period. The calves remain and depend on their mothers for about three to four years.

There are from 34,000 to 54,000 Asian elephants left in the wild today. Asian elephants are found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Since the Asian elephant requires large forest area for its habitat, deforestation has become the main threat to its survival. Reduction of its habitat has caused its population to decline in pocketed patches of forests with agricultural land surrounding them.

Wikipedia Article

This article is only an excerpt. If it appears incomplete or if you wish to see article references, visit the rest of its contents here.
Wikipedia Article
Copyright Notice: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Asian elephant".

More Links about the Asian Elephant:

Reference Links:
Asian Elephant - The Wild Ones - Animal Index

Conservation Links:
Asian Elephant Foundation

Featured Article

10 Unusually White Creatures You'll Probably Never See in Real Life
Creatures with albinism and leucism are beautiful and rare animals. They have all the characteristics of others of their species except they are white in color. The lack of melanin generally results in the animal looking bleached all over, appearing white or pink. It happens in many animals ranging from squirrels to whitetail deer. Here are ten incredible and rare, white-colored creatures that you'll probably never see in real life.


Endangered Species of Our Planet

Donate, Adopt, Get Involved

EEC Conservation Directory

Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted?

Enter your e-mail address below:


Fun & Games

Are you inspired by endangered animals? Check out our games and coloring pages! More to come soon.
color endangered creatures
play hangman