Kauai Cave Amphipod 
Kauai Cave Amphipod
Kauai Cave Amphipod
William Mull
Scientific Name:
Spelaeorchestia koloana
Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-IUCN: 1996
EN-US FWS: January 14, 2000
Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:

The Kaua'i Cave amphipod is a small crustacean that lives in the caves of southeastern Kaua'i. Adults reach a length of only 0.4 inches. They are pale landhoppers that resemble shrimp and they have no need for eyes in their dark cave habitat.

Kaua'i Cave amphipods feed on the decaying roots of surface vegetation that reach into the caves, and also rotting sticks, branches, and other plant materials. The Kaua'i Cave amphipod is believed to be the primary prey of the endangered Kaua'i Cave wolf spider.

The main threat to the species is habitat loss and deterioration of its cave habitat caused by human activities associated with development and agriculture. This species is a troglobite, meaning it can not survive without its cave habitat. The amphipods have also been threatened by the use of chemical and biological pest controls, which often are used for killing insects such as ants and cockroaches. A number of caves where the species can be found are now protected to ensure their survival, and the US Fish and Wildife Service has developed the "Kukui'ula Development Corporation" for restoring and protecting caves where the species dwells. These caves provide habitat for the Kaua'i Cave amphipod and other threatened species native to them.

Wikipedia Article

This article is only an excerpt. If it appears incomplete or if you wish to see article references, visit the rest of its contents here.
Wikipedia Article
Copyright Notice: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Spelaeorchestia".

Featured Article

Eight Inexpensive Ways You Can Help Endangered Species
Want to help save endangered species, but don't have a lot of money to donate? There are actually a lot of creative ways you can help endangered species, even if you are an individual and not a funded organization. We've put together a list of ways you as an individual can help save endangered species.



Endangered Species of Our Planet

Donate, Adopt, Get Involved

EEC Conservation Directory

Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted?

Enter your e-mail address below:


Fun & Games

Are you inspired by endangered animals? Check out our games and coloring pages! More to come soon.
color endangered creatures
play hangman