Endangered Species Search by Area Selection

Find out if there are any endangered species in your state, your country, island, etc. Browse endangered species listings according to area on our planet using the selection box below.

For a complete list of US endangered species, select United States below. Browse the different areas in the pulldown for other countries or specific US or Canadian states. For sea creatures and creatures found on islands in the oceans, we recommend browsing the oceania list.

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Note/Disclaimer: This list is made possible through a database keyword search/filtering process which may not be 100% accurate. Therefore, all endangered species of Brazil may not be listed here. For a complete list of endangered species in South America, browse the South America endangered species list.

Endangered species found in Brazil:

This list combines species from several endangered species lists. Using the total at the bottom of this page as an official count of endangered species of the world is not recommended. For more information on what creatures are listed on this site, please visit our About Us page.

 Species NameScientific NameGroupRange
1. Abarema obovata Abarema obovata Plants Brazil
2. Abarema filamentosa Abarema filamentosa Plants Brazil
3. Abarema cochliacarpos Abarema cochliacarpos Plants Brazil
4. Abarema turbinata Abarema turbinata Plants Brazil
5. Adelophryne maranguapensis Adelophryne maranguapensis Amphibians Brazil
6. Adelophryne baturitensis Adelophryne baturitensis Amphibians Brazil
7. Aiouea macedoana Aiouea macedoana Plants Brazil
8. Aiouea bracteata Aiouea bracteata Plants Brazil
9. Alagoas Antwren Myrmotherula snowi Birds Brazil
10. Alagoas Curassow Mitu mitu Birds Brazil
11. Alagoas Foliage-gleaner Philydor novaesi Birds Brazil
12. Alagoas Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ceciliae Birds Brazil
13. Albizia edwarllii Albizia edwarllii Plants Argentina, Brazil
14. Albizia burkartiana Albizia burkartiana Plants Brazil
15. Alcatrazes Lancehead Bothrops alcatraz Reptiles Brazil
16. Allobates subfolionidificans Allobates subfolionidificans Amphibians Brazil
17. Allobates olfersioides Allobates olfersioides Amphibians Brazil
18. Amburana cearensis Amburana cearensis Plants Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru
19. Amburana acreana Amburana acreana Plants Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
20. Andean Condor  WATCH A LIVE ANDEAN CONDOR Vultur gryphus Birds Colombia to Chile and Argentina
21. Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Peru
22. Angular Angelshark Squatina punctata Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
23. Aniba santalodora Aniba santalodora Plants Brazil
24. Aniba rosaeodora Aniba rosaeodora Plants Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
25. Aniba pedicellata Aniba pedicellata Plants Brazil
26. Aniba intermedia Aniba intermedia Plants Brazil
27. Aniba ferrea Aniba ferrea Plants Brazil
28. Annual Tropical Killifish Cynolebias constanciae Fishes Brazil
29. Anthias salmopunctatus Anthias salmopunctatus Fishes Brazil
30. Aplastodiscus eugenioi Aplastodiscus eugenioi Amphibians Brazil
31. Apron Ray Discopyge tschudii Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Uruguay
32. Arapatiella psilophylla Arapatiella psilophylla Plants Brazil
33. Arara Nut Tree Joannesia princeps Plants Brazil
34. Araripe Manakin Antilophia bokermanni Birds Brazil
35. Araucaria angustifolia Araucaria angustifolia Plants Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
36. Araucaria Tit-spinetail Leptasthenura setaria Birds Argentina, Brazil
37. Arawacus aethesa Arawacus aethesa Insects Brazil
38. Argentine Angel Shark Squatina argentina Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
39. Arrojadoa dinae Arrojadoa dinae Plants Brazil
40. Arrojadoa bahiensis Arrojadoa bahiensis Plants Brazil
41. Arthrocereus rondonianus Arthrocereus rondonianus Plants Brazil
42. Arthrocereus melanurus Arthrocereus melanurus Plants Brazil
43. Arthrocereus glaziovii Arthrocereus glaziovii Plants Brazil
44. Aspidosperma polyneuron Aspidosperma polyneuron Plants Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru
45. Astrocaryum minus Astrocaryum minus Plants Brazil, French Guiana
46. Atlantic Petrel Pterodroma incerta Birds Argentina, Brazil, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Namibia, South Africa, St. Helena, United States/US Territory, Uruguay
47. Atlantic Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus swainsoni Birds Brazil
48. Atlantic Titi Callicebus personatus Mammals Brazil
49. Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos Birds Angola, Argentina, Brazil, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, St. Helena, Uruguay
50. Ayres Black Uakari Cacajao ayresi Mammals Brazil
51. Azure Jay Cyanocorax caeruleus Birds Argentina, Brazil
52. Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera Birds Brazil
53. Bactris pickelii Bactris pickelii Plants Brazil
54. Bahia Antwren Herpsilochmus pileatus Birds Brazil
55. Bahia Spinetail Synallaxis whitneyi Birds Brazil
56. Bahia Tapaculo Scytalopus psychopompus Birds Brazil
57. Bahia Tyrannulet Phylloscartes beckeri Birds Brazil
58. Bald Parrot Gypopsitta aurantiocephala Birds Brazil
59. Bald Uakari  WATCH A LIVE BALD UAKARI Cacajao calvus Mammals Brazil, Colombia, Peru
60. Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi Birds Brazil
61. Banara brasiliensis Banara brasiliensis Plants Brazil
62. Band-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula urosticta Birds Brazil
63. Banded Cotinga Cotinga maculata Birds Brazil
64. Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
65. Baru Tree Dipteryx alata Plants Brazil
66. Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States), South America
67. Bauhinia integerrima Bauhinia integerrima Plants Brazil
68. Bay-capped Wren-spinetail Spartonoica maluroides Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
69. Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
70. Bearded Saki Chiropotes satanas Mammals Brazil
71. Bearded Tachuri Polystictus pectoralis Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
72. Bentfin Devil Ray Mobula thurstoni Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Middle East, North America, South America
73. Bicuiba oleifera Bicuiba oleifera Plants Brazil
74. Big Leaf Mahogany Swietenia macrophylla Plants Central America, North America, South America
75. Big-headed Amazon River Turtle Peltocephalus dumerilianus Reptiles Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Venezuela
76. Bigeye Tuna Thunnus obesus Fishes Africa, American Samoa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America - Including United States (Hawaii), Oceanic, South America
77. Bignose Fanskate Sympterygia acuta Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
78. Black Caiman Melanosuchus niger Reptiles Amazon Basin
79. Black Grouper Epinephelus nigritus Fishes Central and South America, Mexico, United States
80. Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Birds Central America, North America (including United States), South America
81. Black Rockfish Mycteroperca bonaci Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
82. Black Squirrel Monkey Saimiri vanzolinii Mammals Brazil
83. Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra Birds Brazil
84. Black-and-tawny Seedeater Sporophila nigrorufa Birds Bolivia, Brazil
85. Black-and-white Monjita Xolmis dominicanus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
86. Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
87. Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana Birds Brazil
88. Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster Birds Brazil
89. Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophrys Birds Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, Oceanic, South America
90. Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileata Birds Argentina, Brazil
91. Black-crowned Dwarf Marmoset Callibella humilis Mammals Brazil
92. Black-faced Black Spider Monkey Ateles chamek Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
93. Black-fronted Titi Monkey Callicebus nigrifrons Mammals Brazil
94. Black-handed Tamarin Saguinus niger Mammals Brazil
95. Black-headed Berryeater Carpornis melanocephala Birds Brazil
96. Black-headed Uakari Cacajao melanocephalus Mammals Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
97. Black-hooded Antwren Formicivora erythronotos Birds Brazil
98. Black-horned Capuchin Cebus nigritus Mammals Argentina, Brazil
99. Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes Birds Brazil
100. Black-masked Finch Coryphaspiza melanotis Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru
101. Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
102. Blond Titi Monkey Callicebus barbarabrownae Mammals Brazil
103. Blonde Capuchin Cebus flavius Mammals Brazil
104. Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens Birds Bolivia, Brazil
105. Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea Birds Brazil
106. Blue-eyed Ground Dove Columbina cyanopis Birds Brazil
107. Blue-headed Macaw Primolius couloni Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
108. Blue-throated Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata Birds Brazil
109. Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
110. Bokermann's Bromeliad Frogs Crossodactylodes bokermanni Amphibians Brazil
111. Bokermannohyla izecksohni Bokermannohyla izecksohni Amphibians Brazil
112. Bokermannohyla vulcaniae Bokermannohyla vulcaniae Amphibians Brazil
113. Botucatu Escuerzo Odontophrynus moratoi Amphibians Brazil
114. Brasilia Lyrefin Cynolebias boitonei Fishes Brazil
115. Brasilia Tapaculo Scytalopus novacapitalis Birds Brazil
116. Brasilicereus markgrafii Brasilicereus markgrafii Plants Brazil
117. Brazil-nut Tree Bertholletia excelsa Plants Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
118. Brazilian Arboreal Mouse Rhagomys rufescens Mammals Brazil
119. Brazilian Black-tyrant Knipolegus franciscanus Birds Brazil
120. Brazilian Blind Electric Ray Benthobatis kreffti Fishes Brazil
121. Brazilian Button Frog Cycloramphus brasiliensis Amphibians Brazil
122. Brazilian Cownose Ray Rhinoptera brasiliensis Fishes Brazil
123. Brazilian Funnel-eared Bat Natalus espiritosantensis Mammals Brazil
124. Brazilian Giant Tortoise Geochelone denticulata Reptiles Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, West Indies (Dominica)
125. Brazilian Guitarfish Rhinobatos horkelii Fishes Argentina, Brazil
126. Brazilian Merganser Mergus octosetaceus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
127. Brazilian Rain Tree Chloroleucon tortum Plants Brazil
128. Brazilian River Frog Thoropa saxatilis Amphibians Brazil
129. Brazilian Sideneck Turtle Phrynops hogei Reptiles Brazil
130. Brazilian Snake-necked Turtle Hydromedusa maximiliani Reptiles Brazil
131. Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo Tolypeutes tricinctus Mammals Brazil
132. Brazilian Three-toed Sloth Bradypus torquatus Mammals Brazil
133. Broad-snouted Caiman Caiman latirostris Reptiles Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
134. Bronze Whaler Carcharhinus brachyurus Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States), South America
135. Brosimum glaziovii Brosimum glaziovii Plants Brazil
136. Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Birds Coastal Central and South America, USA (Carolinas to Texas, California, Oregon, Washington), West Indies
137. Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei Birds Brazil
138. Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanonotus Birds Brazil
139. Brownstriped Grunt Anisotremus moricandi Fishes Brazil, Colombia, Panama, Venezuela
140. Buchenavia rabelloana Buchenavia rabelloana Plants Brazil
141. Buchenavia pabstii Buchenavia pabstii Plants Brazil
142. Buchenavia iguaratensis Buchenavia iguaratensis Plants Brazil
143. Buchenavia hoehneana Buchenavia hoehneana Plants Brazil
144. Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis Birds Africa, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States Territory), Oceanic, South America
145. Buff-breasted Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus mirandae Birds Brazil
146. Buff-browed Chachalaca Ortalis superciliaris Birds Brazil
147. Buff-headed Capuchin Cebus xanthosternos Mammals Brazil
148. Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra Birds Brazil
149. Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
150. Buffy-headed Marmoset Callithrix flaviceps Mammals Brazil
151. Bush Dog Speothos venaticus Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
152. Button Cactus Melocactus violaceus Plants Brazil
153. Caatinga Antwren Herpsilochmus sellowi Birds Brazil
154. Caesalpinia paraguariensis Caesalpinia paraguariensis Plants Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
155. Caesalpinia echinata Caesalpinia echinata Plants Brazil
156. Calycorectes sellowianus Calycorectes sellowianus Plants Brazil
157. Calycorectes schottianus Calycorectes schottianus Plants Brazil
158. Calycorectes duarteanus Calycorectes duarteanus Plants Brazil
159. Calycorectes australis Calycorectes australis Plants Brazil
160. Campo Grande Button Frog Cycloramphus semipalmatus Amphibians Brazil
161. Campo Grande Treefrog Hypsiboas cymbalum Amphibians Brazil
162. Campo Miner Geositta poeciloptera Birds Bolivia, Brazil
163. Campomanesia neriiflora Campomanesia neriiflora Plants Brazil
164. Campomanesia laurifolia Campomanesia laurifolia Plants Brazil
165. Campomanesia viatoris Campomanesia viatoris Plants Brazil
166. Campomanesia hirsuta Campomanesia hirsuta Plants Brazil
167. Campomanesia espiritosantensis Campomanesia espiritosantensis Plants Brazil
168. Campomanesia aromatica Campomanesia aromatica Plants Brazil
169. Campomanesia phaea Campomanesia phaea Plants Brazil
170. Canebrake Groundcreeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
171. Cape Shark Squalus acanthias Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States), South America
172. Caribbean Electric Ray Narcine bancroftii Fishes Brazil, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Suriname, Venezuela
173. Caribbean Reef Shark Carcharhinus perezi Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
174. Carvalho's Slider Trachemys adiutrix Reptiles Brazil
175. Carvalhoi Tree Toad Dendrophryniscus carvalhoi Amphibians Brazil
176. Castalia martensi Castalia martensi Clams Brazil
177. Cedrela lilloi Cedrela lilloi Plants South America
178. Cedro Misionero Cedrela fissilis Plants Central America, South America
179. Central Humming Frog Chiasmocleis carvalhoi Amphibians Brazil
180. Cereus mirabella Cereus mirabella Plants Brazil
181. Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea Birds Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Panama, Peru, United States, Venezuela
182. Chaco Eagle Buteogallus coronatus Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
183. Chaetodon obliquus Chaetodon obliquus Fishes Brazil
184. Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei Birds Brazil
185. Chestnut Seedeater Sporophila cinnamomea Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
186. Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster Birds Brazil
187. Chestnut-throated Spinetail Synallaxis cherriei Birds Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
188. Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
189. Chloroleucon extortum Chloroleucon extortum Plants Brazil
190. Christmas Cactus Schlumbergera kautskyi Plants Brazil
191. Chrysophyllum splendens Chrysophyllum splendens Plants Brazil
192. Chrysophyllum paranaense Chrysophyllum paranaense Plants Brazil
193. Chrysophyllum imperiale Chrysophyllum imperiale Plants Brazil
194. Chrysophyllum durifructum Chrysophyllum durifructum Plants Brazil
195. Chrysophyllum acreanum Chrysophyllum acreanum Plants Brazil
196. Chrysophyllum superbum Chrysophyllum superbum Plants Brazil
197. Chrysophyllum subspinosum Chrysophyllum subspinosum Plants Brazil
198. Cigar-box Wood Cedrela odorata Plants Central America, North America, South America
199. Cinereous Warbling-finch Poospiza cinerea Birds Brazil
200. Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides Birds Brazil
201. Cipo Canastero Asthenes luizae Birds Brazil
202. Cipocereus crassisepalus Cipocereus crassisepalus Plants Brazil
203. Cipocereus bradei Cipocereus bradei Plants Brazil
204. Cipocereus pusilliflorus Cipocereus pusilliflorus Plants Brazil
205. Cipocereus laniflorus Cipocereus laniflorus Plants Brazil
206. Cleft-headed Juliomys Juliomys rimofrons Mammals Brazil
207. Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil
208. Coastal Black-handed Titi Callicebus melanochir Mammals Brazil
209. Cock-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus tricolor Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
210. Coimbra-filho's Titi Monkey Callicebus coimbrai Mammals Brazil
211. Colares Stingray Dasyatis colarensis Fishes Brazil, Venezuela
212. Coleocephalocereus purpureus Coleocephalocereus purpureus Plants Brazil
213. Common Woolly Monkey Lagothrix lagotricha Mammals Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
214. Cone-billed Tanager Conothraupis mesoleuca Birds Brazil
215. Cone-Like Turk's Head Cactus Melocactus conoideus Plants Brazil
216. Couepia schottii Couepia schottii Plants Brazil
217. Couepia joaquinae Couepia joaquinae Plants Brazil
218. Cougar  WATCH A LIVE COUGAR Puma concolor Mammals North and Central America
219. Couratari asterophora Couratari asterophora Plants Brazil
220. Couratari tauari Couratari tauari Plants Brazil
221. Couratari pyramidata Couratari pyramidata Plants Brazil
222. Couratari prancei Couratari prancei Plants Brazil, Peru
223. Couratari longipedicellata Couratari longipedicellata Plants Brazil
224. Couratari guianensis Couratari guianensis Plants Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
225. Couratari atrovinosa Couratari atrovinosa Plants Brazil
226. Couratari asterotricha Couratari asterotricha Plants Brazil
227. Coussapoa curranii Coussapoa curranii Plants Brazil
228. Coussapoa floccosa Coussapoa floccosa Plants Brazil
229. Cowfish Rhinoptera bonasus Fishes Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
230. Cratylia bahiensis Cratylia bahiensis Plants Brazil
231. Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher Polioptila lactea Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
232. Crested Capuchin Cebus robustus Mammals Brazil
233. Crossband Rockfish Mycteroperca interstitialis Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
234. Crownbeard Verbesina pseudoclausseni Plants Brazil
235. Cruz's Treefrog Aplastodiscus cavicola Amphibians Brazil
236. Cubera Snapper Lutjanus cyanopterus Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), South America
237. Curry Shark Sphyrna tudes Fishes Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
238. Cyanophrys bertha Cyanophrys bertha Insects Brazil
239. Daggernose Shark Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus Fishes Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
240. Dark-throated Seedeater Sporophila ruficollis Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
241. Dekeyser's Nectar Bat Lonchophylla dekeyseri Mammals Brazil
242. Devil Fish Manta birostris Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Hawaii, Middle East, North America, Oceanic, South America
243. Dicypellium caryophyllaceum Dicypellium caryophyllaceum Plants Brazil
244. Diplodon pfeifferi Diplodon pfeifferi Clams Brazil
245. Diplodon fontaineanus Diplodon fontaineanus Clams Brazil
246. Diplodon expansus Diplodon expansus Clams Brazil
247. Diplodon dunkerianus Diplodon dunkerianus Clams Brazil
248. Discocactus pseudoinsignis Discocactus pseudoinsignis Plants Brazil
249. Discocactus placentiformis Discocactus placentiformis Plants Brazil
250. Discocactus horstii Discocactus horstii Plants Brazil
251. Discocactus bahiensis Discocactus bahiensis Plants Brazil
252. Discocactus zehntneri Discocactus zehntneri Plants Brazil
253. Dixon's Ground Snake Liophis atraventer Reptiles Brazil
254. Donkey Fish Dermatolepis inermis Fishes Central and South America, North America (including United States), Oceanic
255. Dot-winged Crake Porzana spiloptera Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
256. Drepanolejeunea aculeata Drepanolejeunea aculeata Plants Brazil
257. Drymaeus henseli Drymaeus henseli Snails Brazil
258. Drymaeus acervatus Drymaeus acervatus Snails Brazil
259. Dusky Grouper Epinephelus marginatus Fishes Africa, Europe, Middle East, South America
260. Dwarf Tinamou Taoniscus nanus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
261. Ecclinusa lancifolia Ecclinusa lancifolia Plants Brazil
262. Elias' Atlantic Spiny-rat Trinomys eliasi Mammals Brazil
263. Elusive Antpitta Grallaria eludens Birds Brazil, Peru
264. Enche-Cangalha Dimorphandra wilsonii Plants Brazil
265. Eschweilera rionegrense Eschweilera rionegrense Plants Brazil
266. Eschweilera rhododendrifolia Eschweilera rhododendrifolia Plants Brazil
267. Eschweilera rabeliana Eschweilera rabeliana Plants Brazil
268. Eschweilera compressa Eschweilera compressa Plants Brazil
269. Eschweilera carinata Eschweilera carinata Plants Brazil
270. Eschweilera tetrapetala Eschweilera tetrapetala Plants Brazil
271. Eschweilera amazonicaformis Eschweilera amazonicaformis Plants Brazil
272. Eschweilera subcordata Eschweilera subcordata Plants Brazil
273. Eschweilera alvimii Eschweilera alvimii Plants Brazil
274. Eschweilera roraimensis Eschweilera roraimensis Plants Brazil, Venezuela
275. Eschweilera rodriguesiana Eschweilera rodriguesiana Plants Brazil
276. Esenbeckia leiocarpa Esenbeckia leiocarpa Plants Brazil
277. Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis Birds Alaska and Northern Canada to Argentina
278. Espostoopsis dybowskii Espostoopsis dybowskii Plants Brazil
279. Eugenia arianae Eugenia arianae Plants Brazil
280. Eugenia prasina Eugenia prasina Plants Brazil
281. Eugenia microcarpa Eugenia microcarpa Plants Brazil
282. Eye-ringed Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus Birds Brazil
283. Eyespot Skate Atlantoraja cyclophora Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
284. Facheiroa cephaliomelana Facheiroa cephaliomelana Plants Brazil
285. Faint-striped Opossum Monodelphis umbristriata Mammals Brazil
286. Fausto's Button Frog Cycloramphus faustoi Amphibians Brazil
287. Few-Spined Turks-Cap Cactus Melocactus paucispinus Plants Brazil
288. Fig Tree Ficus ramiflora Plants Brazil
289. Fig Tree Ficus pulchella Plants Brazil
290. Fig Tree Ficus pakkensis Plants Brazil, Guyana
291. Fig Tree Ficus mexiae Plants Brazil
292. Fig Tree Ficus cyclophylla Plants Brazil
293. Fig Tree Ficus calyptroceras Plants Brazil
294. Fig Tree Ficus ursina Plants Brazil
295. Fig Tree Ficus blepharophylla Plants Brazil
296. Fig Tree Ficus salzmanniana Plants Brazil
297. Fig Tree Ficus aripuanensis Plants Brazil
298. Fig Tree Ficus roraimensis Plants Brazil
299. Fluminense Swallowtail Parides ascanius Insects Brazil
300. Forbes's Blackbird Curaeus forbesi Birds Brazil
301. Fork-tailed Pygmy-tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus Birds Brazil
302. Fossorial Giant Rat Kunsia fronto Mammals Argentina, Brazil
303. Four-eyed Frog Pleurodema bibroni Amphibians Brazil, Uruguay
304. Fringe Tree Chionanthus tenuis Plants Brazil
305. Fringe Tree Chionanthus subsessilis Plants Brazil
306. Fringe Tree Chionanthus micranthus Plants Brazil
307. Fringe Tree Chionanthus fluminensis Plants Brazil
308. Fringe-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena atra Birds Brazil
309. Geoffroy's Cat Leopardus geoffroyi Mammals Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
310. Geoffroy's Peruvian Woolly Monkey Lagothrix cana Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
311. Giant Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla Mammals Central and South America
312. Giant Armadillo Priodontes maximus Mammals Guyana to Argentina, Venezuela
313. Giant Atlantic Tree Rat Phyllomys thomasi Mammals Brazil
314. Giant Butterfly Ray Gymnura altavela Fishes Africa, Asia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States), South America
315. Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis Mammals South America
316. Ginger Pearlfish Leptolebias marmoratus Fishes Brazil
317. Glaucous Macaw Anodorhynchus glaucus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
318. Goeldi's Marmoset Callimico goeldii Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
319. Goeldi's Spiny Rat Proechimys goeldii Mammals Brazil, Colombia
320. Golden Lancehead Bothrops insularis Reptiles Brazil
321. Golden Lion Tamarin Leontopithecus rosalia Mammals Brazil
322. Golden Parakeet Aratinga guarouba Birds Brazil
323. Golden-backed Squirrel Monkey Saimiri ustus Mammals Brazil
324. Golden-capped Parakeet Aratinga auricapillus Birds Brazil
325. Golden-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix vilasboasi Birds Brazil
326. Golden-headed Lion Tamarin Leontopithecus chrysomelas Mammals Brazil
327. Golden-rumped Tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus Mammals Brazil
328. Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus Birds Brazil
329. Golden-white Bare-ear Marmoset Mico leucippe Mammals Brazil
330. Goliath Grouper Epinephelus itajara Fishes Africa, Central and South America, Mexico, United States (Florida, Minor Outlying Islands)
331. Gomidesia mugnifolia Gomidesia mugnifolia Plants Brazil
332. Gonyostomus insularis Gonyostomus insularis Snails Brazil
333. Gonyostomus gonyostomus Gonyostomus gonyostomus Snails Brazil
334. Gray Nurse Shark Carcharias taurus Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (United States Territory), Oceanic, South America
335. Gray Petrel Procellaria cinerea Birds Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Oceanic, South America
336. Gray-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris Birds Brazil
337. Gray-breasted Parakeet Pyrrhura griseipectus Birds Brazil
338. Gray-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla Birds Brazil
339. Gray-headed Albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma Birds Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Oceanic, South America
340. Gray-winged Cotinga Tijuca condita Birds Brazil
341. Great White Shark Carcharodon carcharias Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States and Hawaii), Oceanic, South America
342. Great-billed Seed-finch Oryzoborus maximiliani Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Venezuela
343. Greater Rhea Rhea americana Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
344. Greater Wilfred's Mouse Wilfredomys oenax Mammals Brazil, Uruguay
345. Green-throated Euphonia Euphonia chalybea Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
346. Guarea crispa Guarea crispa Plants Brazil
347. Guarea convergens Guarea convergens Plants Brazil
348. Guarea velutina Guarea velutina Plants Brazil
349. Guarea trunciflora Guarea trunciflora Plants Brazil, Peru
350. Guarea sprucei Guarea sprucei Plants Brazil
351. Guarea juglandiformis Guarea juglandiformis Plants Brazil, Peru
352. Guarea humaitensis Guarea humaitensis Plants Brazil
353. Guarea guentheri Guarea guentheri Plants Brazil, Peru
354. Guarea cristata Guarea cristata Plants Brazil, Peru
355. Guatambu Blanco Balfourodendron riedelianum Plants Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
356. Guatteria augusti Guatteria augusti Plants Brazil
357. Guiana Spider Monkey Ateles paniscus Mammals Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
358. Guianan Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis Birds Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
359. Gulper Shark Centrophorus granulosus Fishes Africa, Asia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States and Hawaii), South America
360. Gustavia santanderiensis Gustavia santanderiensis Plants Brazil, Colombia
361. Gustavia longepetiolata Gustavia longepetiolata Plants Brazil
362. Gustavia erythrocarpa Gustavia erythrocarpa Plants Brazil
363. Gustavia acuminata Gustavia acuminata Plants Brazil, Venezuela
364. Hammerhead Shark Sphyrna mokarran Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, Middle East, Oceanic, United States
365. Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja Birds Mexico south to Argentina
366. Helicostylis heterotricha Helicostylis heterotricha Plants Brazil
367. Helmeted Woodpecker Dryocopus galeatus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
368. Hidden Angel Shark Squatina occulta Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
369. Hirinaba curytibana Hirinaba curytibana Snails Brazil
370. Hoary-throated Spinetail Synallaxis kollari Birds Brazil, Guyana
371. Hogfish Lachnolaimus maximus Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
372. Holly Ilex neblinensis Plants Brazil, Venezuela
373. Holly Ilex attenuata Plants Brazil
374. Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata Birds Brazil
375. Hooded Seedeater Sporophila melanops Birds Brazil
376. Hooded Visorbearer Augastes lumachella Birds Brazil
377. Hook-billed Hermit Hummingbird Ramphodon dohrnii Birds Brazil
378. Hummelinck's Vesper Mouse Calomys hummelincki Mammals Aruba Island (Netherland Antilles), Brazil, Colombia, Netherlands Antilles, Venezuela
379. Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
380. Hyacinth Visorbearer Augastes scutatus Birds Brazil
381. Hypsiboas cipoensis Hypsiboas cipoensis Amphibians Brazil
382. Indigo Macaw Anodorhynchus leari Birds Brazil
383. Inga bollandii Inga bollandii Plants Brazil
384. Inga exilis Inga exilis Plants Brazil
385. Inga mendoncaei Inga mendoncaei Plants Brazil
386. Inga sellowiana Inga sellowiana Plants Brazil
387. Inga blanchetiana Inga blanchetiana Plants Brazil
388. Inga exfoliata Inga exfoliata Plants Brazil
389. Inga maritima Inga maritima Plants Brazil
390. Inga santaremnensis Inga santaremnensis Plants Brazil
391. Inga bicoloriflora Inga bicoloriflora Plants Brazil
392. Inga enterolobioides Inga enterolobioides Plants Brazil
393. Inga leptantha Inga leptantha Plants Brazil
394. Inga salicifoliola Inga salicifoliola Plants Brazil
395. Inga arenicola Inga arenicola Plants Brazil
396. Inga caudata Inga caudata Plants Brazil
397. Inga lentiscifolia Inga lentiscifolia Plants Brazil
398. Inga praegnans Inga praegnans Plants Brazil
399. Inga xinguensis Inga xinguensis Plants Brazil
400. Inga aptera Inga aptera Plants Brazil
401. Inga calantha Inga calantha Plants Brazil
402. Inga lenticellata Inga lenticellata Plants Brazil
403. Inga pleiogyna Inga pleiogyna Plants Brazil
404. Inga unica Inga unica Plants Brazil
405. Inga cabelo Inga cabelo Plants Brazil
406. Inga lanceifolia Inga lanceifolia Plants Brazil
407. Inga platyptera Inga platyptera Plants Brazil
408. Inga tenuiloba Inga tenuiloba Plants Brazil
409. Inga bullatorugosa Inga bullatorugosa Plants Brazil
410. Inga hispida Inga hispida Plants Brazil
411. Inga pedunculata Inga pedunculata Plants Brazil
412. Inga suborbicularis Inga suborbicularis Plants Brazil
413. Inga bullata Inga bullata Plants Brazil
414. Inga grazielae Inga grazielae Plants Brazil
415. Inga microcalyx Inga microcalyx Plants Brazil
416. Inga suberosa Inga suberosa Plants Brazil
417. Iryanthera obovata Iryanthera obovata Plants Brazil
418. Iryanthera campinae Iryanthera campinae Plants Brazil
419. Ischnocnema epipeda Ischnocnema epipeda Amphibians Brazil
420. Ischnocnema oea Ischnocnema oea Amphibians Brazil
421. Ischnocnema manezinho Ischnocnema manezinho Amphibians Brazil
422. Itatiaia Highland Frog Holoaden bradei Amphibians Brazil
423. Izecksohn's Brazilian Treefrog Xenohyla truncata Amphibians Brazil
424. Izecksohn's Bromeliad Frog Crossodactylodes izecksohni Amphibians Brazil
425. Izecksohn's Guanabara Frog Euparkerella robusta Amphibians Brazil
426. Jaguar  WATCH A LIVE JAGUAR Panthera onca Mammals Arizona, California, Central and South America, Louisiana, Mexico, New Mexico, Texas
427. Japanese Devilray Mobula japanica Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Hawaii, Middle East, North America, Oceanic, South America
428. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana kuhlmannii Plants Brazil
429. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana integrifolia Plants Brazil
430. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana ianeirensis Plants Brazil
431. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana uaupensis Plants Brazil
432. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana penduliflora Plants Brazil
433. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana pauciramosa Plants Brazil
434. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana pachyantha Plants Brazil
435. Jequitiba Tree Cariniana legalis Plants Brazil
436. Johnson's Horned Treefrog Hemiphractus johnsoni Amphibians Brazil, Colombia
437. Joiceya praeclarus Joiceya praeclarus Insects Brazil
438. Ka'apor Capuchin Cebus kaapori Mammals Brazil
439. Kaempfer's Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus kaempferi Birds Brazil
440. Kaempfer's Woodpecker Celeus obrieni Birds Brazil
441. Karimi's Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum Thylamys karimii Mammals Brazil
442. Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata Birds Brazil
443. Klages's Antwren Myrmotherula klagesi Birds Brazil
444. La Plata River Dolphin Pontoporia blainvillei Mammals Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
445. La Plata Skate Atlantoraja platana Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
446. Lafoensia replicata Lafoensia replicata Plants Brazil
447. Lami Tuco-tuco Ctenomys lami Mammals Brazil
448. Large-headed Rice Rat Hylaeamys laticeps Mammals Brazil
449. Largetooth Sawfish Pristis perotteti Fishes Africa, Central and South America, Europe, Mexico, United States
450. Least Big-eared Bat Neonycteris pusilla Mammals Brazil, Colombia
451. Least Tern Sterna antillarum Birds Bahamas, Central America (winters), Greater and Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Northern South America, USA (California, including the Miss. R. Basin), Atlantic Gulf Coasts
452. Lecythis parvifructa Lecythis parvifructa Plants Brazil
453. Lecythis brancoensis Lecythis brancoensis Plants Brazil, Guyana
454. Lecythis barnebyi Lecythis barnebyi Plants Brazil
455. Lecythis schwackei Lecythis schwackei Plants Brazil
456. Lecythis schomburgkii Lecythis schomburgkii Plants Brazil, Guyana
457. Lecythis prancei Lecythis prancei Plants Brazil
458. Lesser Nothura Nothura minor Birds Brazil, Paraguay
459. Leucochloron foederale Leucochloron foederale Plants Brazil
460. Licania conferruminata Licania conferruminata Plants Brazil
461. Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata Birds Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, Bouvet Island, Brazil, Chile, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), French Polynesia, French Southern Territories, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Mauritius, New Zealand, South Africa, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
462. Liolaemus lutzae Liolaemus lutzae Reptiles Brazil
463. Liolaemus occipitalis Liolaemus occipitalis Reptiles Brazil
464. Little Blue Macaw Cyanopsitta spixii Birds Brazil
465. Little Spotted Cat Leopardus tigrinus Mammals Costa Rica to Northern Argentina
466. Liver-oil Shark Galeorhinus galeus Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States and Hawaii), South America
467. Lizard Catshark Schroederichthys saurisqualus Fishes Brazil
468. Long-haired Spider Monkey Ateles belzebuth Mammals Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
469. Long-horned Beetle Macrodontia cervicornis Insects Brazil, Peru
470. Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti Birds Brazil
471. Long-tailed Fat-tailed Opossum Thylamys macrurus Mammals Brazil, Paraguay
472. Long-tailed Otter Lontra longicaudis Mammals South America
473. Long-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania watertonii Birds Brazil
474. Longfin Mako Isurus paucus Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, North America (including United States and Hawaii), Oceanic, South America
475. Ludwigia anastomosans Ludwigia anastomosans Plants Brazil
476. Lund's Atlantic Tree Rat Phyllomys lundi Mammals Brazil
477. Lutz's River Frog Thoropa lutzi Amphibians Brazil
478. Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus Birds Africa, Antarctica, Oceanic, South America
479. Machaerium villosum Machaerium villosum Plants Brazil
480. Macrosamanea prancei Macrosamanea prancei Plants Brazil
481. Macrosamanea macrocalyx Macrosamanea macrocalyx Plants Brazil
482. Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus Birds Antarctica, Australia, South America
483. Maldonado Redbelly Toad Melanophryniscus moreirae Amphibians Brazil
484. Maned Wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus Mammals Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
485. Manilkara Tree Manilkara cavalcantei Plants Brazil
486. Manilkara Tree Manilkara bella Plants Brazil
487. Manilkara Tree Manilkara multifida Plants Brazil
488. Manilkara Tree Manilkara maxima Plants Brazil
489. Manilkara Tree Manilkara longifolia Plants Brazil
490. Manilkara Tree Manilkara excelsa Plants Brazil
491. Manilkara Tree Manilkara elata Plants Brazil
492. Manilkara Tree Manilkara decrescens Plants Brazil
493. Manilkara Tree Manilkara dardanoi Plants Brazil
494. Mantiqueira Atlantic Tree Rat Phyllomys mantiqueirensis Mammals Brazil
495. Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus Birds Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
496. Margay Leopardus wiedii Mammals Central and South America, Mexico
497. Maroon-faced Parakeet Pyrrhura leucotis Birds Brazil, Venezuela
498. Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus Mammals Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
499. Marsh Seedeater Sporophila palustris Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
500. Marsh Tapaculo Scytalopus iraiensis Birds Brazil
501. Mecistogaster pronoti Mecistogaster pronoti Insects Brazil
502. Mecistogaster asticta Mecistogaster asticta Insects Brazil
503. Megalobulimus proclivis Megalobulimus proclivis Snails Brazil
504. Megalobulimus parafragilior Megalobulimus parafragilior Snails Brazil
505. Megalobulimus lopesi Megalobulimus lopesi Snails Brazil
506. Megalobulimus grandis Megalobulimus grandis Snails Brazil
507. Megalobulimus fragilion Megalobulimus fragilion Snails Brazil
508. Melanophryniscus admirabilis Melanophryniscus admirabilis Amphibians Brazil
509. Melanophryniscus dorsalis Melanophryniscus dorsalis Amphibians Brazil
510. Melocactus pachyacanthus Melocactus pachyacanthus Plants Brazil
511. Mezilaurus navalium Mezilaurus navalium Plants Brazil
512. Mezilaurus itauba Mezilaurus itauba Plants Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname
513. Micranthocereus violaciflorus Micranthocereus violaciflorus Plants Brazil
514. Micranthocereus streckeri Micranthocereus streckeri Plants Brazil
515. Micranthocereus polyanthus Micranthocereus polyanthus Plants Brazil
516. Micranthocereus auriazureus Micranthocereus auriazureus Plants Brazil
517. Micranthocereus albicephalus Micranthocereus albicephalus Plants Brazil
518. Micropholis caudata Micropholis caudata Plants Brazil
519. Micropholis submarginalis Micropholis submarginalis Plants Brazil
520. Micropholis retusa Micropholis retusa Plants Brazil
521. Micropholis resinifera Micropholis resinifera Plants Brazil
522. Micropholis grandiflora Micropholis grandiflora Plants Brazil
523. Micropholis emarginata Micropholis emarginata Plants Brazil
524. Micropholis compta Micropholis compta Plants Brazil
525. Milkwood Tabernaemontana muricata Plants Brazil
526. Milkwood Tabernaemontana cumata Plants Brazil
527. Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia Plants Brazil
528. Minas Gerais Tyrannulet Phylloscartes roquettei Birds Brazil
529. Minute Pearlfish Leptolebias minimus Fishes Brazil
530. Mistletoe Cactus Rhipsalis russellii Plants Brazil
531. Mistletoe Cactus Rhipsalis pilocarpa Plants Brazil
532. Mistletoe Cactus Rhipsalis oblonga Plants Brazil
533. Mistletoe Cactus Rhipsalis crispata Plants Brazil
534. Mistletoe Cactus Rhipsalis cereoides Plants Brazil
535. Mollinedia stenophylla Mollinedia stenophylla Plants Brazil
536. Mollinedia marquetiana Mollinedia marquetiana Plants Brazil
537. Mollinedia longicuspidata Mollinedia longicuspidata Plants Brazil
538. Mollinedia lamprophylla Mollinedia lamprophylla Plants Brazil
539. Mollinedia glabra Mollinedia glabra Plants Brazil
540. Mollinedia gilgiana Mollinedia gilgiana Plants Brazil
541. Mollinedia engleriana Mollinedia engleriana Plants Brazil
542. Monster Rice Rat Euryoryzomys lamia Mammals Brazil
543. Montevideo Redbelly Toad Melanophryniscus montevidensis Amphibians Brazil, Uruguay
544. Moojen's Atlantic Spiny-rat Trinomys moojeni Mammals Brazil
545. Mottled Piculet Picumnus nebulosus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
546. Moustached Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes falcirostris Birds Brazil
547. Multispine Skate Bathyraja multispinis Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Uruguay
548. Mutton Snapper Lutjanus analis Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
549. Myrceugenia brevipedicellata Myrceugenia brevipedicellata Plants Brazil
550. Myrceugenia bracteosa Myrceugenia bracteosa Plants Brazil
551. Myrceugenia scutellata Myrceugenia scutellata Plants Brazil
552. Myrceugenia rufescens Myrceugenia rufescens Plants Brazil
553. Myrceugenia pilotantha Myrceugenia pilotantha Plants Brazil
554. Myrceugenia kleinii Myrceugenia kleinii Plants Brazil
555. Myrceugenia franciscensis Myrceugenia franciscensis Plants Brazil
556. Myrceugenia campestris Myrceugenia campestris Plants Brazil
557. Myrcia grandiflora Myrcia grandiflora Plants Brazil
558. Myrcia almasensis Myrcia almasensis Plants Brazil
559. Myrcia lineata Myrcia lineata Plants Brazil
560. Myrcianthes pungens Myrcianthes pungens Plants Brazil
561. Myrciaria silveirana Myrciaria silveirana Plants Brazil
562. Myrciaria pliniodes Myrciaria pliniodes Plants Brazil
563. Myrciaria cuspidata Myrciaria cuspidata Plants Brazil, Paraguay
564. Myriocoleopsis fluviatilis Myriocoleopsis fluviatilis Plants Brazil
565. Narrow-billed Antwren Formicivora iheringi Birds Brazil
566. Narrownose Smoothhound Mustelus schmitti Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
567. Natterer's Longwing Heliconius nattereri Insects Brazil
568. Naucleopsis oblongifolia Naucleopsis oblongifolia Plants Brazil
569. Neblina Uakari Cacajao hosomi Mammals Brazil, Venezuela
570. Nectandra micranthera Nectandra micranthera Plants Brazil
571. Nectandra matogrossensis Nectandra matogrossensis Plants Brazil
572. Nectandra grisea Nectandra grisea Plants Brazil
573. Nectandra debilis Nectandra debilis Plants Brazil
574. Nectandra barbellata Nectandra barbellata Plants Brazil
575. Nectandra weddellii Nectandra weddellii Plants Brazil
576. Nectandra psammophila Nectandra psammophila Plants Brazil
577. Nectandra paranaensis Nectandra paranaensis Plants Brazil
578. Neomitranthes langsdorfii Neomitranthes langsdorfii Plants Brazil
579. Neomitranthes cordifolia Neomitranthes cordifolia Plants Brazil
580. Night Shark Carcharhinus signatus Fishes Africa, Central America, North America (United States), South America
581. Nirodia belphegor Nirodia belphegor Insects Brazil
582. Noronha Elaenia Elaenia ridleyana Birds Brazil
583. Noronha Vireo Vireo gracilirostris Birds Brazil
584. Northern Giant-petrel Macronectes halli Birds Africa, Antarctic, Australia, Oceanic, South America
585. Northern Muriqui Brachyteles hypoxanthus Mammals Brazil
586. Northern Royal Albatross Diomedea sanfordi Birds Africa, Australia, French Southern Territories, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Oceans, South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
587. Notodiaptomus maracaibensis Notodiaptomus maracaibensis Crustaceans Brazil, Venezuela
588. Notodiaptomus dubius Notodiaptomus dubius Crustaceans Brazil
589. Oceanic Whitetip Shark Carcharhinus longimanus Fishes Africa, American Samoa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States and Hawaii), Oceanic, South America
590. Ocelot  WATCH A LIVE OCELOT Leopardus pardalis Mammals USA (Arizona, Texas) to Central and South America
591. Ochraceous Piculet Picumnus limae Birds Brazil
592. Ochre-breasted Pipit Anthus nattereri Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
593. Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga Birds Brazil
594. Ocotea pretiosa Ocotea pretiosa Plants South America
595. Ocotea porosa Ocotea porosa Plants South America
596. Ocotea langsdorffii Ocotea langsdorffii Plants South America
597. Ocotea catharinensis Ocotea catharinensis Plants South America
598. Ocotea basicordatifolia Ocotea basicordatifolia Plants South America
599. Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Birds Central and South America, North America (including United States)
600. Olrog's Gull Larus atlanticus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
601. One-finned Shark Heptranchias perlo Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Middle East, North America (including United States), South America
602. Onefin Skate Gurgesiella dorsalifera Fishes Brazil
603. Opalescent Pearlfish Leptolebias opalescens Fishes Brazil
604. Orange-bellied Antwren Terenura sicki Birds Brazil
605. Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Jamaica, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela, West Indies (Barbados)
606. Ornate Horned Frog Ceratophrys ornata Amphibians Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
607. Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti Birds Brazil
608. Pacarana Dinomys branickii Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
609. Painted Tree Rat Callistomys pictus Mammals Brazil
610. Pale-throated Pampa-finch Embernagra longicauda Birds Brazil
611. Pampas Cat Leopardus colocolo Mammals Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
612. Pampas Deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus Mammals Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
613. Pampas Meadowlark Sturnella defilippii Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
614. Parana Antwren Stymphalornis acutirostris Birds Brazil
615. Pearly Parakeet Pyrrhura lepida Birds Brazil
616. Pebas Stubfoot Toad Atelopus spumarius Amphibians Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname
617. Pectoral Antwren Herpsilochmus pectoralis Birds Brazil
618. Perebea glabrifolia Perebea glabrifolia Plants Brazil
619. Pereskia aureiflora Pereskia aureiflora Plants Brazil
620. Pernambuco Pygmy-owl Glaucidium mooreorum Birds Brazil
621. Persea glabra Persea glabra Plants Brazil
622. Peruvian Recurvebill Simoxenops ucayalae Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
623. Peters' Smooth Horned Frog Proceratophrys bigibbosa Amphibians Argentina, Brazil
624. Petropolis River Frog Thoropa petropolitana Amphibians Brazil
625. Pfrimer's Parakeet Pyrrhura pfrimeri Birds Brazil
626. Phyllostemonodaphne geminiflora Phyllostemonodaphne geminiflora Plants Brazil
627. Pied Tamarin Saguinus bicolor Mammals Brazil
628. Pilosocereus fulvilanatus Pilosocereus fulvilanatus Plants Brazil
629. Pilosocereus floccosus Pilosocereus floccosus Plants Brazil
630. Pilosocereus azulensis Pilosocereus azulensis Plants Brazil
631. Pilosocereus arrabidae Pilosocereus arrabidae Plants Brazil
632. Pilosocereus piauhyensis Pilosocereus piauhyensis Plants Brazil
633. Pilosocereus multicostatus Pilosocereus multicostatus Plants Brazil
634. Pilosocereus magnificus Pilosocereus magnificus Plants Brazil
635. Pilosocereus glaucochrous Pilosocereus glaucochrous Plants Brazil
636. Pink-legged Graveteiro Acrobatornis fonsecai Birds Brazil
637. Pinto's Spinetail Synallaxis infuscata Birds Brazil
638. Piraja's Lancehead Bothrops pirajai Reptiles Brazil
639. Plain-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne vielliardi Birds Brazil
640. Plathymenia foliolosa Plathymenia foliolosa Plants Brazil
641. Plumbeous Antvireo Dysithamnus plumbeus Birds Brazil
642. Podocarpus lambertii Podocarpus lambertii Plants South America
643. Podocarpus barretoi Podocarpus barretoi Plants South America
644. Podocarpus acuminatus Podocarpus acuminatus Plants South America
645. Poeppig's Woolly Monkey Lagothrix poeppigii Mammals Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
646. Poey's Grouper Epinephelus flavolimbatus Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), South America
647. Porites branneri Porites branneri Corals, Jellyfish, and Sea Anemones Central America, South America
648. Pouteria Tree Pouteria crassiflora Plants South America
649. Pouteria Tree Pouteria lucens Plants South America
650. Pouteria Tree Pouteria oxypetala Plants South America
651. Pouteria Tree Pouteria pallens Plants South America
652. Pouteria Tree Pouteria vernicosa Plants South America
653. Pouteria Tree Pouteria coelomatica Plants South America
654. Pouteria Tree Pouteria latianthera Plants South America
655. Pouteria Tree Pouteria oppositifolia Plants South America
656. Pouteria Tree Pouteria pachyphylla Plants South America
657. Pouteria Tree Pouteria tarumanensis Plants South America
658. Pouteria Tree Pouteria butyrocarpa Plants South America
659. Pouteria Tree Pouteria krukovii Plants South America
660. Pouteria Tree Pouteria nudipetala Plants South America
661. Pouteria Tree Pouteria subsessilifolia Plants South America
662. Pouteria Tree Pouteria bullata Plants South America
663. Pouteria Tree Pouteria juruana Plants South America
664. Pouteria Tree Pouteria nemorosa Plants South America
665. Pouteria Tree Pouteria putamen-ovi Plants South America
666. Pouteria Tree Pouteria brevensis Plants South America
667. Pouteria Tree Pouteria furcata Plants South America
668. Pouteria Tree Pouteria minima Plants South America
669. Pouteria Tree Pouteria pubescens Plants South America
670. Pouteria Tree Pouteria bapeba Plants South America
671. Pouteria Tree Pouteria fulva Plants South America
672. Pouteria Tree Pouteria microstrigosa Plants South America
673. Pouteria Tree Pouteria psammophila Plants South America
674. Pouteria Tree Pouteria andarahiensis Plants South America
675. Pouteria Tree Pouteria exstaminodia Plants South America
676. Pouteria Tree Pouteria macrocarpa Plants Central America, South America
677. Pouteria Tree Pouteria polysepala Plants South America
678. Pouteria Tree Pouteria amapaensis Plants South America
679. Pouteria Tree Pouteria decussata Plants South America
680. Pouteria Tree Pouteria macahensis Plants South America
681. Pouteria Tree Pouteria pachycalyx Plants South America
682. Pouteria Tree Pouteria petiolata Plants South America
683. Pradosia verrucosa Pradosia verrucosa Plants Brazil
684. Pradosia subverticillata Pradosia subverticillata Plants Brazil
685. Pradosia kuhlmannii Pradosia kuhlmannii Plants Brazil
686. Pradosia granulosa Pradosia granulosa Plants Brazil
687. Pradosia decipiens Pradosia decipiens Plants Brazil
688. Pro-Mata Oval Frog Elachistocleis erythrogaster Amphibians Brazil
689. Pseudoacanthocereus brasiliensis Pseudoacanthocereus brasiliensis Plants Brazil
690. Pseudolmedia hirtula Pseudolmedia hirtula Plants Brazil
691. Ptychodon schuppi Ptychodon schuppi Snails Brazil
692. Purple Yatay Palm Butia purpurascens Plants Brazil
693. Purple-winged Ground Dove Claravis godefrida Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
694. Queen Triggerfish Balistes vetula Fishes Africa, Asia, Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
695. Radioconus riochcoensis Radioconus riochcoensis Snails Brazil
696. Radioconus goeldi Radioconus goeldi Snails Brazil
697. Radiodiscus compactus Radiodiscus compactus Snails Brazil
698. Radiodiscus amdenus Radiodiscus amdenus Snails Brazil
699. Rainbow Parrotfish Scarus guacamaia Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
700. Razor-billed Curassow Mitu mitu mitu Birds Eastern Brazil
701. Red Grouper Epinephelus morio Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
702. Red Myotis Myotis ruber Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
703. Red Porgy Pagrus pagrus Fishes Asia, Central and South America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, Mexico, United States
704. Red-billed Curassow Crax blumenbachii Birds Brazil
705. Red-browed Parrot Amazona rhodocorytha Birds Brazil
706. Red-capped Parrot Pionopsitta pileata Birds Brazil
707. Red-handed Howler Monkey Alouatta belzebul Mammals Brazil
708. Red-handed Howling Monkey Alouatta ululata Mammals Brazil
709. Red-headed Amazon River Turtle Podocnemis erythrocephala Reptiles Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
710. Red-nosed Tree Rat Phyllomys brasiliensis Mammals Brazil
711. Red-shouldered Spinetail Gyalophylax hellmayri Birds Brazil
712. Red-spectacled Parrot Amazona pretrei Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
713. Red-tailed Parrot Amazona brasiliensis Birds Brazil
714. Restinga Antwren Formicivora littoralis Birds Brazil
715. Restinga Tyrannulet Phylloscartes kronei Birds Brazil
716. Reticulate Leaf Frog Phyllomedusa ayeaye Amphibians Brazil
717. Ribeirao Button Frog Cycloramphus acangatan Amphibians Brazil
718. Rinorea villosiflora Rinorea villosiflora Plants Brazil
719. Rinorea ramiziana Rinorea ramiziana Plants Brazil
720. Rinorea maximiliani Rinorea maximiliani Plants Brazil
721. Rinorea longistipulata Rinorea longistipulata Plants Brazil
722. Rinorea bicornuta Rinorea bicornuta Plants Brazil
723. Rio Branco Antbird Cercomacra carbonaria Birds Brazil, Guyana
724. Rio De Janeiro Antbird Cercomacra brasiliana Birds Brazil
725. Rio De Janeiro Antwren Myrmotherula fluminensis Birds Brazil
726. Rio De Janeiro Arboreal Rat Phaenomys ferrugineus Mammals Brazil
727. Rio Mutum Frog Dasypops schirchi Amphibians Brazil
728. Rio Skate Rioraja agassizi Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
729. Roberto's Spiny Rat Proechimys roberti Mammals Brazil
730. Rollinia calcarata Rollinia calcarata Plants Brazil
731. Rollinia bahiensis Rollinia bahiensis Plants Brazil
732. Rollinia pickelii Rollinia pickelii Plants Brazil
733. Rollinia helosioides Rollinia helosioides Plants Brazil, Ecuador
734. Rollinia ferruginea Rollinia ferruginea Plants Brazil
735. Rondonia Bushbird Clytoctantes atrogularis Birds Brazil
736. Rondonia Marmoset Mico rondoni Mammals Brazil
737. Roraima Bush Toad Oreophrynella quelchii Amphibians Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela
738. Rosewood Dalbergia nigra Plants Brazil
739. Roughskin Skate Dipturus trachydermus Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Chile
740. Rudgea crassifolia Rudgea crassifolia Plants Brazil
741. Rufous-faced Crake Laterallus xenopterus Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
742. Rufous-fronted Antthrush Formicarius rufifrons Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
743. Rufous-rumped Seedeater Sporophila hypochroma Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
744. Rufous-sided Pygmy-tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Suriname
745. Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei Birds Brazil
746. Rupirana cardosoi Rupirana cardosoi Amphibians Brazil
747. Russet-winged Spadebill Platyrinchus leucoryphus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
748. Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
749. Rusty-necked Piculet Picumnus fuscus Birds Bolivia, Brazil
750. Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
751. Saffron-cowled Blackbird Xanthopsar flavus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
752. Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor Birds Brazil
753. Santa Catarina Leaf Frog Phrynomedusa appendiculata Amphibians Brazil
754. Santa Catarina Sabrefin Campellolebias brucei Fishes Brazil
755. Santa Catarina's Guinea Pig Cavia intermedia Mammals Brazil
756. Santa Cruz Dwarf Frog Physalaemus soaresi Amphibians Brazil
757. Sao Francisco Sparrow Arremon franciscanus Birds Brazil
758. Sao Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulista Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
759. Sarcaulus inflexus Sarcaulus inflexus Plants Brazil
760. Sarcaulus vestitus Sarcaulus vestitus Plants Brazil
761. Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius Birds Brazil
762. Scaled Ground-cuckoo Neomorphus squamiger Birds Brazil
763. Scalloped Antbird Myrmeciza ruficauda Birds Brazil
764. Schlumbergera opuntioides Schlumbergera opuntioides Plants Brazil
765. Schmidt's Spinythumb Frog Crossodactylus schmidti Amphibians Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
766. Scinax faivovichi Scinax faivovichi Amphibians Brazil
767. Scinax alcatraz Scinax alcatraz Amphibians Brazil
768. Scinax trapicheiroi Scinax trapicheiroi Amphibians Brazil
769. Scinax peixotoi Scinax peixotoi Amphibians Brazil
770. Sclerolobium striatum Sclerolobium striatum Plants Brazil
771. Sclerolobium pilgerianum Sclerolobium pilgerianum Plants Brazil
772. Sclerolobium beaureipairei Sclerolobium beaureipairei Plants Brazil
773. Seabass Epinephelus niveatus Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
774. Serra Do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis Birds Brazil
775. Seven-colored Tanager Tangara fastuosa Birds Brazil
776. Sharp-tailed Grass Tyrant Culicivora caudacuta Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
777. Sharpsnout Stingray Dasyatis geijskesi Fishes Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Senegal, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
778. Short-eared Dog Atelocynus microtis Mammals Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
779. Shortnose Guitarfish Zapteryx brevirostris Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
780. Sickle-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus anomalus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
781. Siphoneugenia widgreniana Siphoneugenia widgreniana Plants Brazil
782. Siphoneugenia densiflora Siphoneugenia densiflora Plants Brazil
783. Six-tubercled Amazon River Turtle Podocnemis sextuberculata Reptiles Brazil, Colombia, Peru
784. Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater Birds Brazil
785. Slender Antbird Rhopornis ardesiacus Birds Brazil
786. Small Red Brocket Mazama bororo Mammals Brazil
787. Solanum sycocarpum Solanum sycocarpum Plants Brazil
788. Solanum paralum Solanum paralum Plants Brazil
789. Solanum ovum-fringillae Solanum ovum-fringillae Plants Brazil
790. Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
791. Sooty Albatross Phoebetria fusca Birds Antarctica, New Zealand, Oceanic, South Africa, South America
792. Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea Birds Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Central America, Europe, Middle East, North America (United States Territory), Oceanic, South America
793. Sorocea guilleminiana Sorocea guilleminiana Plants Brazil
794. Souari Tree Caryocar coriaceum Plants Brazil
795. South American Tapir Tapirus terrestris Mammals Colombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and Argentina
796. South Brazilian Skate Dipturus mennii Fishes Brazil
797. Southern Bluefin Tuna Thunnus maccoyii Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Canada, Oceans, South America
798. Southern Bristle-tyrant Phylloscartes eximius Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
799. Southern Giant-petrel Macronectes giganteus Birds Africa, Antarctic, Australia, Oceanic, South America
800. Southern Long-nosed Armadillo Dasypus hybridus Mammals Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
801. Southern Royal Albatross Diomedea epomophora Birds Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Oceanic, South America
802. Southern Sawtail Catshark Galeus mincaronei Fishes Brazil
803. Southern Three-banded Armadillo Tolypeutes matacus Mammals Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
804. Sowbug Rice Rat Hylaeamys oniscus Mammals Brazil
805. Spectacled Petrel Procellaria conspicillata Birds Angola, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Namibia, South Africa, St. Helena, Uruguay
806. Spectral Bat Vampyrum spectrum Mammals Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
807. Spiny Angel Shark Squatina guggenheim Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
808. Spix's Red-handed Howler Monkey Alouatta discolor Mammals Brazil
809. Splendid Pearlfish Leptolebias splendens Fishes Brazil
810. Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax Birds Argentina, Brazil
811. Spotback Skate Atlantoraja castelnaui Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
812. Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus Birds Argentina, Brazil
813. Spotted Eagle Ray Aetobatus narinari Fishes Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Middle East, North America (including United States and US Island Territory and Hawaii), Oceans, South America
814. Stegastes sanctipauli Stegastes sanctipauli Fishes Brazil
815. Stephanopodium magnifolium Stephanopodium magnifolium Plants Brazil
816. Straight-billed Reedhaunter Limnoctites rectirostris Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
817. Strange-tailed Tyrant Alectrurus risora Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
818. Stresemann's Bristlefront Merulaxis stresemanni Birds Brazil
819. Striated Softtail Thripophaga macroura Birds Brazil
820. Striped Dogfish Mustelus fasciatus Fishes Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
821. Sun Parakeet Aratinga solstitialis Birds Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
822. Superagui Lion Tamarin Leontopithecus caissara Mammals Brazil
823. Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris Birds Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
824. Syagrus macrocarpa Syagrus macrocarpa Plants Brazil
825. Syagrus glaucescens Syagrus glaucescens Plants Brazil
826. Tacinga werneri Tacinga werneri Plants Brazil
827. Tacinga braunii Tacinga braunii Plants Brazil
828. Tartaruga Podocnemis expansa Reptiles South America (Orinoco R. and Amazon R. basins)
829. Tawny Piculet Picumnus fulvescens Birds Brazil
830. Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
831. Terminalia acuminata Terminalia acuminata Plants South America
832. Terminalia reitzii Terminalia reitzii Plants South America
833. Terminalia kuhlmannii Terminalia kuhlmannii Plants South America
834. Terminalia januariensis Terminalia januariensis Plants South America
835. Thin-spined Porcupine Chaetomys subspinosus Mammals Brazil
836. Three-toed Guanabara Frog Euparkerella tridactyla Amphibians Brazil
837. Three-toed Jacamar Jacamaralcyon tridactyla Birds Brazil
838. Torres Redbelly Toad Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus Amphibians Brazil
839. Tracaja Podocnemis unifilis Reptiles South America (Orinoco R. and Amazon R. basins)
840. Transitional Colilargo Microakodontomys transitorius Mammals Brazil
841. Trichilia discolor Trichilia discolor Plants Brazil
842. Trichilia ramalhoi Trichilia ramalhoi Plants Brazil
843. Trichilia casaretti Trichilia casaretti Plants Brazil
844. Trichilia micropetala Trichilia micropetala Plants Brazil
845. Trichilia bullata Trichilia bullata Plants Brazil
846. Trichilia magnifoliola Trichilia magnifoliola Plants Brazil
847. Trichilia blanchetii Trichilia blanchetii Plants Brazil
848. Trichilia hispida Trichilia hispida Plants Brazil, Peru
849. Trichilia florbranca Trichilia florbranca Plants Brazil
850. Trichilia tetrapetala Trichilia tetrapetala Plants Brazil
851. Trichilia fasciculata Trichilia fasciculata Plants Brazil
852. Trichilia surumuensis Trichilia surumuensis Plants Brazil, Guyana
853. Trichilia emarginata Trichilia emarginata Plants Brazil
854. Trichilia solitudinis Trichilia solitudinis Plants Brazil, Peru
855. Trichilia areolata Trichilia areolata Plants Brazil
856. Trichilia elsae Trichilia elsae Plants Brazil
857. Trichilia silvatica Trichilia silvatica Plants Brazil
858. Trichodactylus crassus Trichodactylus crassus Crustaceans Brazil
859. Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana Birds Argentina, Brazil, Mauritius, Portugal, Puerto Rico
860. Tristan Albatross Diomedea dabbenena Birds Angola, Argentina, Brazil, Namibia, South Africa, St. Helena, Uruguay
861. Tropical Forest Snake Calamodontophis paucidens Reptiles Brazil, Uruguay
862. Tropical Forest Snake Calamodontophis sp. nov. Reptiles Brazil
863. Tropocyclops nananae Tropocyclops nananae Crustaceans Brazil
864. Tropocyclops federensis Tropocyclops federensis Crustaceans Brazil
865. Tuco-tuco Of The Dunes Ctenomys flamarioni Mammals Brazil
866. Turk's Cap Cactus Melocactus azureus Plants Brazil
867. Ubatuba Dwarf Frog Physalaemus atlanticus Amphibians Brazil
868. Uebelmannia gummifera Uebelmannia gummifera Plants Brazil
869. Uebelmannia buiningii Uebelmannia buiningii Plants Brazil
870. Unicolored Tree Rat Phyllomys unicolor Mammals Brazil
871. Unicoloured Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor Birds Brazil
872. Urbanodendron verrucosum Urbanodendron verrucosum Plants Brazil
873. Urbanodendron macrophyllum Urbanodendron macrophyllum Plants Brazil
874. Urbanodendron bahiense Urbanodendron bahiense Plants Brazil
875. Variegated Electric Ray Diplobatus pictus Fishes Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
876. Vinaceous-breasted Parrot Amazona vinacea Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
877. Virola parvifolia Virola parvifolia Plants Brazil
878. Virola surinamensis Virola surinamensis Plants Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
879. Vouacapoua americana Vouacapoua americana Plants Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname
880. Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans Birds Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Oceanic, South America
881. Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru
882. West Indian Manatee  WATCH A LIVE WEST INDIAN MANATEE Trichechus manatus Mammals Caribbean Sea, South America, Southeastern USA
883. Weygoldt's Treefrog Aplastodiscus weygoldti Amphibians Brazil
884. Whale Shark  WATCH A LIVE WHALE SHARK Rhincodon typus Fishes Africa, American Samoa, Asia, Australia, Central America, Middle East, Oceanic, South America
885. White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
886. White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus Birds Argentina, Brazil
887. White-breasted Tapaculo Scytalopus indigoticus Birds Brazil
888. White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus Birds Brazil
889. White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
890. White-browed Guan Penelope jacucaca Birds Brazil
891. White-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus Birds Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
892. White-cheeked Spider Monkey Ateles marginatus Mammals Brazil (Mato Grosso, Para)
893. White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis Birds Africa, Antarctic, Australia, Oceanic, South America
894. White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi Birds Brazil
895. White-crested Guan Penelope pileata Birds Brazil
896. White-eared Marmoset Callithrix aurita Mammals Brazil
897. White-footed Saki Pithecia albicans Mammals Brazil
898. White-lipped Peccary Tayassu pecari Mammals Central America, North America, South America
899. White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus Birds Brazil
900. White-nosed Saki Chiropotes albinasus Mammals Brazil
901. White-winged Cotinga Xipholena atropurpurea Birds Brazil
902. White-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus candicans Birds Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
903. Wied's Black-tufted-ear Marmoset Callithrix kuhlii Mammals Brazil
904. Wied's Tyrant-manakin Neopelma aurifrons Birds Brazil
905. Wiegmann's Tree Lizard Anisolepis undulatus Reptiles Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
906. Wonderfully Bristled Turk's-Head Cactus Melocactus deinacanthus Plants Brazil
907. Woolly Spider Monkey Brachyteles arachnoides Mammals Brazil
908. Woolly Waxy-Stemmed Turks-Cap Cactus Melocactus glaucescens Plants Brazil
909. Wooly Jelly Palm Butia eriospatha Plants Brazil
910. Yellow Cardinal Gubernatrix cristata Birds Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
911. Yellow Kite Swallowtail Eurytides iphitas Insects Brazil
912. Yellow-faced Amazon Alipiopsitta xanthops Birds Bolivia, Brazil
913. Yellow-faced Siskin Carduelis yarrellii Birds Brazil, Venezuela
914. Yellow-legged Tinamou Crypturellus noctivagus Birds Brazil
915. Yellowfin Grouper Mycteroperca venenosa Fishes Central America, North America (including United States), Oceanic, South America
916. Yonenaga's Atlantic Spiny-rat Trinomys yonenagae Mammals Brazil
917. Zamia boliviana Zamia boliviana Plants South America
918. Zamia amazonum Zamia amazonum Plants South America
919. Zamia ulei Zamia ulei Plants South America
920. Zamia poeppigiana Zamia poeppigiana Plants South America
921. Zamia lecointei Zamia lecointei Plants South America
922. Zanthoxylum flavum Zanthoxylum flavum Plants Central America, North America, Oceanic, South America
923. Zeyheria tuberculosa Zeyheria tuberculosa Plants Brazil
924. Zilchogyra paulistana Zilchogyra paulistana Snails Brazil

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