Endangered Mammals of South America
Show mammals in South America with profiles available.
Show all mammals of concern in South America.
Click on the species name to view all info that is currently available.

Common Name Range ***
Amazonian Manatee South America (Amazon R. Basin)
Andean Bear Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Andean Caenolestid Ecuador
Andean Cat Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
Andean Hairy Armadillo Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
Andean Night Monkey Peru
Andean Titi Monkey Peru
Apeco Oldfield Mouse Peru
Aquatic Rat Ecuador
Aratathomas's Yellow Shouldered Bat Colombia
Argentine Tuco-tuco Argentina
Ashaninka Oldfield Mouse Peru
Atacama Myotis Chile, Peru
Atlantic Titi Brazil
Ayres Black Uakari Brazil
Azara's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Bald Uakari Brazil, Colombia, Peru
Bearded Saki Brazil
Beni Titi Monkey Bolivia
Berg's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Black Squirrel Monkey Brazil
Black-crowned Dwarf Marmoset Brazil
Black-faced Black Spider Monkey Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
Black-fronted Titi Monkey Brazil
Black-handed Tamarin Brazil
Black-headed Uakari Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
Black-horned Capuchin Argentina, Brazil
Blackbuck Argentina
Blackish Shrew Opossum Colombia, Ecuador
Blond Titi Monkey Brazil
Blonde Capuchin Brazil
Blunt-eared Bat Peru
Bolivian Chinchilla Rat Bolivia
Bonetto's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Brazilian Arboreal Mouse Brazil
Brazilian Funnel-eared Bat Brazil
Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo Brazil
Brazilian Three-toed Sloth Brazil
Bridges's Degu Argentina, Chile
Brown-headed Spider Monkey Colombia, Ecuador
Brumback's Night Monkey Colombia
Buenos Aires Leaf-eared Mouse Argentina
Buff-headed Capuchin Brazil
Buffy-headed Marmoset Brazil
Burmeister's Armadillo Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Bush Dog Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Central American Tapir Southern Mexico to Colombia and Ecuador
Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo Argentina, Paraguay
Chacoan Peccary Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Chacoan Pygmy Opossum Argentina
Chilean Caenolestid Argentina, Chile
Chilean Dolphin Chile
Choco Broad-nosed Bat Colombia, Ecuador
Chunyi Bolivia, Peru
Cleft-headed Juliomys Brazil
Coastal Black-handed Titi Brazil
Cochabamba Grass Mouse Bolivia
Coimbra-filho's Titi Monkey Brazil
Colombian Black-handed Titi Colombia
Colombian Night Monkey Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
Colombian Weasel Colombia, Ecuador
Colombian Woolly Monkey Colombia (mainland)
Common Woolly Monkey Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Cook's Hocicudo Uruguay
Cotton-top Marmoset Costa Rica to Colombia
Crab-eating Rat Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
Crested Capuchin Brazil
Cuban Lesser Funnel-eared Bat Colombia
Curacaoan Long-nosed Bat Aruba Island (Netherland Antilles), Colombia, Venezuela
D'Orbigny's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Darien Small Eared Shrew Colombia
Dark Bolo Mouse Argentina, Uruguay
Darwin's Fox Chile (Los Lagos)
Definitive Leaf-eared Mouse Peru
Dekeyser's Nectar Bat Brazil
Dryland Mouse Opossum Colombia, Venezuela
Dwarf Red Brocket Deer Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Eastern Puna Mouse Peru
Ecuadoran Spiny Pocket Mouse Ecuador
Ecuadorean Grass Mouse Ecuador
Ecuadorian Sac-winged Bat Colombia, Ecuador
Elias' Atlantic Spiny-rat Brazil
Emily's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Equatorial Dog-faced Bat Ecuador
European Rabbit South America
Faint-striped Opossum Brazil
Fernandez's Sword-nosed Bat Venezuela
Fernandina Galapagos Mouse Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Fernandina Island Galapagos Mouse Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Fossorial Giant Rat Argentina, Brazil
Furtive Tuco-tuco Argentina
Galapagos Islands Fur Seal Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Galapagos Rice Rat Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Galapagos Sea Lion Colombia, Ecuador
Geoffroy's Cat Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
Geoffroy's Peruvian Woolly Monkey Bolivia, Brazil, Peru
Giant Anteater Central and South America
Giant Armadillo Guyana to Argentina, Venezuela
Giant Atlantic Tree Rat Brazil
Giant Otter South America
Goeldi's Marmoset Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Goeldi's Spiny Rat Brazil, Colombia
Golden Lion Tamarin Brazil
Golden Vizcacha Rat Argentina
Golden-backed Squirrel Monkey Brazil
Golden-headed Lion Tamarin Brazil
Golden-mantle Saddleback Tamarin Ecuador, Peru
Golden-rumped Tamarin Brazil
Golden-white Bare-ear Marmoset Brazil
Gorgas's Rice Rat Colombia, Venezuela
Gray Grass Mouse Argentina
Gray-bellied Shrew Opossum Ecuador, Peru
Gray-footed Spiny Rat Colombia, Venezuela
Gray-handed Night Monkey Colombia, Venezuela
Greater Long-tailed Bat Colombia, Ecuador
Greater Wilfred's Mouse Brazil, Uruguay
Guiana Spider Monkey Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
Guina Argentina, Chile
Hairy Little Fruit Bat Colombia, Ecuador
Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo Peru
Hammond's Rice Rat Ecuador
Handley's Slender Mouse Opossum Colombia
Handley's Tailless Bat Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Harmles Serotine Ecuador (Galapagos Islands), Peru
Hooded Seal South America
Hummelinck's Vesper Mouse Aruba Island (Netherland Antilles), Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela
Inca Oldfield Mouse Peru
Incan Little Mastiff Bat Peru
Indo-pacific Hump-backed Dolphin South America
Ismael's broad-nosed Bat Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Jaguar Central and South America
Juan Fernandez Fur Seal Chile, Peru
Junin Slender Opossum Peru
Ka'apor Capuchin Brazil
Kalinowski's Oldfield Mouse Peru
Karimi's Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum Brazil
La Plata River Dolphin Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay
Lami Tuco-tuco Brazil
Large Long-clawed Mouse Chile
Large-eared Oldfield Mouse Peru
Large-headed Rice Rat Brazil
Least Big-eared Bat Brazil, Colombia
Lesser Yellow-shouldered Bat Peru
Little Spotted Cat Costa Rica to Northern Argentina
Little Woolly Mouse Opossum Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Long-haired Spider Monkey Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Long-snouted Bat Peru
Long-tailed Chinchilla Chile
Long-tailed Fat-tailed Opossum Brazil, Paraguay
Long-tailed Otter South America
Los Chalchaleros' Vizcacha Rat Argentina
Lund's Atlantic Tree Rat Brazil
Magellanic Tuco-tuco Argentina, Chile
Maned Wolf Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Mantiqueira Atlantic Tree Rat Brazil
Mantled Howler Monkey Mexico to South America
Margay Central and South America
Marine Otter Peru south to Straits of Magellan
Marinkelle's Sword-nosed Bat Colombia
Marsh Deer Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat Ecuador, Peru
Melissa's Yellow-eared Bat Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Merida Brocket Colombia, Venezuela
Monito Del Monte Argentina, Chile
Monster Rice Rat Brazil
Moojen's Atlantic Spiny-rat Brazil
Moon-toothed Degu Chile
Mottled Tuco-tuco Argentina
Mountain Paca Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Mountain Tapir Colombia, Ecuador and possibly Peru and Venezuela
Musso's Fish-eating Rat Venezuela
Neblina Uakari Brazil, Venezuela
North Andean Huemul Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru
Northern Muriqui Brazil
Northern Pudu Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Ocelot USA (Arizona, Texas) to Central and South America
Olalla Brothers' Titi Monkey Bolivia
Orinoco Agouti Venezuela
Orinoco Sword-nosed Bat Colombia, Venezuela
Ornate Titi Monkey Colombia
Pacarana Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Pacific Degu Chile
Pacific Spiny Rat Ecuador, Peru
Painted Tree Rat Brazil
Pampas Cat Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Pampas Deer Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Paraguana Mustached Bat Venezuela
Paraguana Spiny Pocket Mouse Venezuela
Patagonian Cavy Argentina
Pearson's Long-clawed Mouse Chile (Los Lagos)
Pearson's Tuco-tuco Argentina, Uruguay
Peruvian Climbing Mouse Peru
Pichi Argentina, Chile
Pied Tamarin Brazil
Pilar Tuco-tuco Paraguay
Pink Fairy Armadillo Argentina
Pittier's Crab-eating Rat Venezuela
Plains Viscacha Rat Argentina
Poeppig's Woolly Monkey Brazil, Ecuador, Peru
Porteous's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Pudu Southern South America
Puna Mouse Peru
Pundt's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Quechuan Hocicudo Bolivia
Red Myotis Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Red-handed Howler Monkey Brazil
Red-handed Howling Monkey Brazil
Red-nosed Tree Rat Brazil
Reig's Aepeomys Venezuela
Reig's Opossum Venezuela
Reig's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Rio De Janeiro Arboreal Rat Brazil
Rio Negro tuco-tuco Argentina, Uruguay
Roberto's Spiny Rat Brazil
Roig's Tuco-tuco Argentina
Rondonia Marmoset Brazil
Roraima Mouse Venezuela
Sanborn's Grass Mouse Argentina, Chile
Santa Catarina's Guinea Pig Brazil
Santiago Galapagos Mouse Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)
Sechura Desert Fox Ecuador, Peru
Shipton's Mountain Cavy Argentina
Short-eared Dog Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Short-tailed Chinchilla Bolivia
Silent Grass Mouse Peru
Silvery-brown Bare-face Tamarin Colombia
Slender Oldfield Mouse Peru
Small Red Brocket Brazil
Smokey Bat Chile, Ecuador, Peru
Social Tuco-tuco Argentina
South American Tapir Colombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and Argentina
South Andean Huemul Argentina, Chile
Southern Long-nosed Armadillo Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Southern Pudu Argentina, Chile
Southern River Otter Argentina, Chile
Southern Three-banded Armadillo Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
Southern Tuco-tuco Argentina
Sowbug Rice Rat Brazil
Spectral Bat Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Spix's Red-handed Howler Monkey Brazil
Strong-tailed Oldfield Mouse Peru
Superagui Lion Tamarin Brazil
Thin-spined Porcupine Brazil
Thomas's Big-eared Brown Bat Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
Thomas's Oldfield Mouse Ecuador, Peru
Tiny Yellow Bat Colombia, Venezuela
Torres's Crimson-nosed Rat Argentina
Transitional Colilargo Brazil
Tschudi's Yellow-shouldered Bat Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
Tuco-tuco Of The Dunes Brazil
Ucucha Thomasomys Ecuador
Unexpected Cotton Rat Ecuador
Unicolored Oldfield Mouse Colombia
Unicolored Tree Rat Brazil
Variegated Spider Monkey Colombia, Venezuela
Venezuelan Fish-eating Rat Guyana, Venezuela
Vicuna South America (Andes)
West Indian Manatee South America
Western Nectar Bat Ecuador, Peru
White-cheeked Spider Monkey Brazil (Mato Grosso, Para)
White-eared Marmoset Brazil
White-footed Saki Brazil
White-lipped Peccary South America
White-nosed Saki Brazil
Wied's Black-tufted-ear Marmoset Brazil
Wood Sprite Gracile Mouse Opossum Colombia, Venezuela
Woodland Oldfield Mouse Colombia, Venezuela
Woolly Spider Monkey Brazil
Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey Andes of Northern Peru
Yonenaga's Atlantic Spiny-rat Brazil
Zuniga's Dark Rice Rat Peru

**What mammals are listed here?:

The South America section of this site lists the folllowing mammals appearing on select endangered species lists:
  • Mammals that dwell in or migrate to any part of the South American continent and nearby islands.
  • Mammals dwelling in the Amazon Basin.

This list combines species from several endangered species lists. Using the total count of species found on this site as an official count of endangered species of the world is not recommended. For more information on what creatures are listed on this site, please visit our About EEC page.

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